The power to "define and punish Piracies and Felonies committed on the high Seas" attracted little discussion at the Founding and has not proven controversial. Although the Constitution authorizes Congress to "define" piracy, the Framers and later commentators, such as James Madison, James Kent, and Justice Joseph Story, opined that piracy was so well defined in international law that a general statute punishing the crime would be valid. Although there has been a federal piracy statute since 1790, the parent of the present piracy statute was enacted in 1819. The current statute provides: "Whoever, on the high seas, commits the crime of piracy as defined by the law of nations, and is afterwards brought into or found in the United States, shall be imprisoned for life." 18 U.S.C. sec. 1651. In a decision involving the 1819 statute, the Supreme Court, in an opinion by Justice Story, held that Congress's definition of piracy by reference to the law of nations was sufficiently precise. United States v. Smith (1820). Story reasoned that the crime of piracy had a definite meaning in international law and that "Congress may as well define by using a term of a known and determinate meaning as by an express enumeration of all the particulars included in that term."