-C-80% BorderOnX=Off
Read  Your  Constitution Library of Commentaries
Federalist Papers  |  Relevant Cases  |  Quote Collection  |  Photo Gallery  |  Book Store  |  About  |  Get Involved
Sorted By Title     |     Sort by Author     |     Sort by Publisher     |     Search
Top
Heritage.org   Abolition of Slavery
Regarding: Amendment XIII, Section 1
Herman Belz
Professor Emeritus of History   at   University of Maryland
ConstitutionCenter.org Additional Thoughts on the Sixteenth Amendment  
Erik M. Jensen
David L. Brennan Professor of Law   at   Case Western Reserve University Law School
Heritage.org Adjournment
Regarding: Article I, Section 5, clause 4
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
Heritage.org   Admiralty
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 1, phrase 4
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
Congress.gov Admission of and the Rights of New States: Doctrine and Practice  
Congress.gov Admission of and the Rights of New States: Doctrine and Practice  
Regarding: Article IV, Section 3, clause 3
Congress.gov Admission of and the Rights of New States: Historical Background  
ConstitutionCenter.org Admissions Clause  
Eric Biber
Edward C. Halbach Jr. Professor of Law   at   University of California - Berkley Law School
and
Thomas B. Colby
Associate Dean for Research and Faculty Development and John Theodore Fey Research Professor   at   University of California - Berkley Law School
ConstitutionCenter.org Admissions Clause and the Equal Sovereignty Principle  
Thomas B. Colby
Associate Dean for Research and Faculty Development and John Theodore Fey Research Professor   at   George Washington University Law School
Top
ConstitutionCenter.org Against Cruel Innovation: The Original Meaning of the Cruel and Unusual Punishments Clause, and Why It Matters Today  
John F. Stinneford
Professor of Law and Assistant Director, Criminal Justice Center   at   University of Florida Levin College of Law
Heritage.org   Allocation of Representatives
Regarding: Article I, Section 2, clause 3, sentence 2
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
Congress.gov Alterations to the Duties of an Officer  
Regarding: Article II, Section 2, clause 2
Congress.gov Alternatives to Impeachment  
Regarding: Article I, Section 2, clause 5, phrase 2
Heritage.org   Ambassadors
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 1, phrase 3
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
Heritage.org   Ambassadors
Regarding:  Article II, Section 3, Phrase 4
Matthew Franck
Director, William E. and Carol G. Simon Center on Religion and the Constitution   at   Witherspoon Institute
Heritage.org   Amendments
Regarding: Article V, phrase 1
Trent England
Vice President of Policy   at   Evergreen Freedom Foundation
ConstitutionCenter.org America’s Equal Citizenship Clause  
Akhil Reed Amar
Sterling Professor of Law and Political Science   at   Yale University
Congress.gov Appellate Jurisdiction  
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 1, phrase 3
Heritage.org   Appellate Jurisdiction Clause
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 2, sentence 2
Andrew S. Gold
Professor of Law   at   DePaul University College of Law
Top
Congress.gov Appointing  
Regarding: Article II, Section 2, clause 2, sentence 2, phrase 2
Congress.gov Appointing Ambassadors, Ministers, and Consuls  
Regarding: Article II, Section 2, clause 2, sentence 2 phrase 2
Heritage.org   Appointments Clause
Regarding:  Article II, Section 2, Clause 2, Phrase 2
John O. McGinnis
George C. Dix Professor in Constitutional Law   at   Northwestern University School of Law
Heritage.org   Apportionment of Representatives
Regarding: Amendment XIV, Section 2, sentence 2
Paul Moreno
William and Berniece Grewcock Chair in Constitutional History, Associate Professor of History   at   Hillsdale College
Heritage.org   Appropriations Clause
Regarding: Article I, Section 9, clause 7
Gary Kepplinger
Deputy General Counsel (Retired)   at   Government Accountability Office
Congress.gov Appropriations Clause  
Regarding: Article I, Section 9, clause 7
ConstitutionCenter.org Appropriations Clause  
Kate Stith
Lafayette S. Foster Professor of Law   at   Yale Law School
Congress.gov Arising Under Jurisdiction: Overview  
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
Heritage.org   Army Clause
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 20
Mackubin Owens
Professor of National Security Affairs, Senior Fellow of the Foreign Policy Research Institute   at   United States Naval War College
Heritage.org   Arraignment Clause
Regarding: Amendment VI, phrase 4
Paul Rosenweig
Founder Visiting Fellow, The Heritage Foundation   at   Red Branch Law
Top
ConstitutionCenter.org Article I, Sec. 8: Federalism and the Overall Scope of Federal Power  
Randy E. Barnett
Carmack Waterhouse Professor of Legal Theory   at   Georgetown University Law Center
and
Heather Gerkin
Dean and Sol and Lillian Goldman Professor of Law   at   Georgetown University Law Center
ConstitutionCenter.org Article I, Section 10  
Richard A. Epstein
James Parker Hall Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus of Law and Senior Lecturer, Laurence A. Tisch Professor of Law, New York University Law School, Senior Fellow, Hoover Institution   at   The University of Chicago Law School
and
Jack Rakove
William Robertson Coe Professor of History and American Studies; Professor of Political Science and, by courtesy, Law   at   The University of Chicago Law School
ConstitutionCenter.org Article I, Section 10: The Classical Liberal and Progressive Views Contrasted  
Richard A. Epstein
James Parker Hall Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus of Law and Senior Lecturer, Laurence A. Tisch Professor of Law, New York University Law School, Senior Fellow, Hoover Institution   at   The University of Chicago Law School
ConstitutionCenter.org Article I, Section 1: General Principles  
William N. Eskridge Jr.
John A. Garver Professor of Jurisprudence   at   Yale Law School
and
Neomi Rao
Federal Judge   at   Yale Law School
ConstitutionCenter.org Article I, Section 1: The Delegation Doctrine  
William N. Eskridge Jr.
John A. Garver Professor of Jurisprudence   at   Yale Law School
ConstitutionCenter.org Article I, Section 2  
Bradley Smith
Josiah H. Blackmore II/Shirley M. Nault Designated Professor of Law   at   Capital University Law School
ConstitutionCenter.org Article I, Section 2 and Expansion of the Right to Vote  

ConstitutionCenter.org Article I, Section 3  


and
Michael J. Gerhardt
Burton Craige Distinguished Professor of Jurisprudence
ConstitutionCenter.org Article I, Section 5  
Andrew S. Gold
Professor of Law   at   DePaul University College of Law
and
Ronald Weich
Dean and Professor of Law   at   DePaul University College of Law
ConstitutionCenter.org Article I, Section 6  

Top
ConstitutionCenter.org Article I, Section 7  
Nicholas Bagley
Professor of Law   at   The University of Michigan Law School
and
Bradley Smith
Josiah H. Blackmore II/Shirley M. Nault Designated Professor of Law   at   The University of Michigan Law School
ConstitutionCenter.org Article I, Section I: The Non-Delegation Principle  
Neomi Rao
Federal Judge   at   Court of Appeals in the District of Columbia
ConstitutionCenter.org Article II, Section 3  
William P. Marshall
Kenan Professor of Law   at   University of North Carolina
and
Sai Prakash
David Lurton Massee, Jr., Professor of Law   at   University of North Carolina
ConstitutionCenter.org Article II, Section 3 and the Limits of Presidential Power  
William P. Marshall
Kenan Professor of Law   at   University of North Carolina
ConstitutionCenter.org Article II, Section 4  
Neil J. Kinkopf
Professor of Law   at   Georgia State University College of Law
and
Keith E. Whittington
William Nelson Cromwell Professor of Politics   at   Georgia State University College of Law
ConstitutionCenter.org Article III, Section 2 By Judith Resnik and Kevin C. Walsh  
Judith Resnik
Arthur Liman Professor of Law   at   Law at Yale Law School
and
Kevin C. Walsh
Professor of Law   at   Law at Yale Law School
Congress.gov Article III, Section 2, Clause 1: Historical Background  
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 1, phrases 3 - 10
ConstitutionCenter.org Article III, Section One  
Richard W. Garnett
Professor of Law, Associate Dean for Faculty Research, Concurrent Professor of Political Science   at   Notre Dame Law School
Congress.gov Article IV, Section 1:  
Regarding: Article IV, Section 1
ConstitutionCenter.org Article IV, Section 1: Full Faith and Credit Clause  
Stephen E Sachs
Professor of Law   at   Duke University Law School
and
Steve Sanders
Professor of Law; Adjunct Professor, Department of Political Science; Affiliated Faculty, Department of Gender Studies and The Kinsey Institute   at   Duke University Law School
Top
ConstitutionCenter.org Article IV, Section 2: Movement Of Persons Throughout the Union  
Ariela Gross
John B. and Alice R. Sharp Professor of Law and History
and
David R. Upham
Director of the Legal Studies Program and Associate Professor of Political Science
ConstitutionCenter.org Article V  
Michael B. Rappaport
Professor of Law   at   University of San Diego School of Law
and
David A. Strauss
Gerald Ratner Distinguished Service Professor of Law and Faculty Director of the Jenner and Block Supreme Court and Appellate Clinic   at   University of San Diego School of Law
Congress.gov Article V: Historical Background  
Regarding: Article V
ConstitutionCenter.org Article VII  
Mark A. Graber
Regents Professor   at   University of Maryland Carey School of Law
and
Michael B. Rappaport
Professor of Law   at   University of Maryland Carey School of Law
ConstitutionCenter.org Article VII and the Desirability of the Constitution  
Michael B. Rappaport
Professor of Law   at   University of San Diego School of Law
Heritage.org   Attestation Clause
Matthew Spalding
Vice President, American Studies, Director, B. Kenneth Simon Center for Principles and Politics   at   The Heritage Foundation
ACLU.org Background on Habeas Corpus

ConstitutionCenter.org Balancing Independence and Accountability in Impeachable Offenses  
Keith E. Whittington
William Nelson Cromwell Professor of Politics   at   Princeton University
Heritage.org   Bankruptcy Clause
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 8
Todd Zywicki
Foundation Professor of Law   at   George Mason University School of Law
ConstitutionCenter.org Beyond Sovereignty, Beyond Autonomy: A Nationalist’s View of Federalism’s Future  
Heather Gerkin
Dean and Sol and Lillian Goldman Professor of Law   at   Yale Law School
Top
ConstitutionCenter.org Beyond Speech and Association  
John Inazu
Sally D. Danforth Distinguished Professor of Law and Religion   at   Washington University in St. Louis School of Law
Heritage.org   Bill of Attainder
Regarding: Article I, Section 9, clause 2, phrase 2
Daniel Troy
Senior Vice President   at   GlaxoSmithKline
Congress.gov Bills of Attainder  
Regarding: Article I, Section 9, clause 3, phrase 1
Heritage.org Borrowing Clause
Regarding:  Article I, Section 8, Phrase 3
Claire Priest
Professor of Law   at   Yale Law School
Congress.gov Borrowing Power  
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 3
Congress.gov Cases to Which the United States is a Party  
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
Congress.gov Choosing a Mode of Ratification  
Heritage.org   Citizen-State Diversity
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 1, phrase 7
Ernest A. Young
Duke University School of Law   at   Alston
Heritage.org   Citizenship
Regarding: Amendment XIV, Section 1, sentence 1
Edward Erler
Professor Emeritus, Senior Fellow, The Claremont Institute   at   California State University, San Bernardino
ConstitutionCenter.org Citizenship and the Rights of Citizens  
John C. Harrison
James Madison Distinguished Professor of Law   at   University of Virginia School of Law
Top
ConstitutionCenter.org Citizenship Clause  
Akhil Reed Amar
Sterling Professor of Law and Political Science   at   Yale University
and
John C. Harrison
James Madison Distinguished Professor of Law   at   Yale University
Heritage.org   Claims
Regarding: Article IV, Section 3, clause 4
Jeffrey Sikkenga
Associate Professor of Political Science, Adjunct fellow, John M. Ashbrook Center for Public Affairs, Senior fellow, University of Virginia Program on Constitutionalism and Democracy   at   Ashland University
Congress.gov Classes of Cases and Controversies at the Supreme Court: Doctrine and Practice  
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 2, sentence 1
Congress.gov Classes of Cases and Controversies for Federal Courts: Admiralty and Maritime  
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 1, phrase 4
Heritage.org   Coinage Clause
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 9
Todd Zywicki
Foundation Professor of Law   at   George Mason University School of Law
Congress.gov Coinage Power  
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 9
Heritage.org   Commander in Chief
Regarding:  Article II, Section 2, Clause 1, Phrase 1
John Yoo
Professor of Law   at   University of California-Berkley, Boalt Hall School of Law
ConstitutionCenter.org Commander in Chief Clause  
Michael D. Ramsey
Professor of Law   at   University of San Diego School of Law
Congress.gov Commander in Chief Power: Doctrine and Practice  
Regarding: Article II, Section 2, Clause 1:
Congress.gov Commander in Chief Power: Historical Background  
Regarding: Article II, Section 2, clause 1
Top
Heritage.org   Commander of Militia
Regarding:  Article II, Section 2, Clause 1, Phrase 2
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
Congress.gov Commerce Among the Several States  
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 5
Heritage.org Commerce among the States
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 5
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
Heritage.org Commerce with Foreign Nations
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 4
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
Congress.gov Commerce With Indian Tribes  
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 6
Heritage.org Commerce with the Indian Tribes
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 6
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
Heritage.org   Commissions
Regarding:  Article II, Section 3, Phrase 6
Trent England
Vice President of Policy   at   Evergreen Freedom Foundation
Heritage.org   Compact Clause
Regarding: Article I, Section 10, clause 2
Michael S. Greve
John G. Searle Scholar   at   Michael S. Greve John G. Searle Scholar American Enterprise Institute Michael S. Greve John G. Searle Scholar American Enterprise Institute John G. Searle Scholar American Enterprise Institute
Congress.gov Compensation and Emoluments  
Regarding: Article II, Section 1, clause 7
Heritage.org   Compensation Clause
Regarding: Article I, Section 6, clause 1, sentence 1
Adrian Vermeule
John H. Watson, Jr. Professor of Law   at   Harvard Law School
Top
Congress.gov Compensation for Members: Overview  
Regarding: Article I, Section 6, clause 1
Heritage.org   Compulsory Process Clause
Stephen Saltzburg
Wallace and Beverley Woodbury University Professor of Law, Co-director, Litigation and Dispute Resolution Program   at   The George Washington University Law School
Heritage.org   Confrontation Clause
John C. Douglass
Professor of Law   at   University of Richmond School of Law
ConstitutionCenter.org Congress Has Broad Power to Tax  
Joseph R. and William E. Fishkin and Forthbath
Joseph R. Fishkin is Marrs McLean Professor in Law. William E. Forbath, Lloyd M. Bentsen is Chair in Law and Associate Dean for Research   at   University of Texas School of Law
Congress.gov Congress's Ability to Limit the Pardon Power  
Regarding: Article II, Section 2, clause 1, phrase 4
Congress.gov Congressional Power to Establish Article III Courts: Doctrine and Practice  
Regarding: Article III, Section 1
Congress.gov Congressional Power to Establish Article III Courts: Historical Background  
Regarding: Article III, Section 1, sentence 1, phrase 3
Congress.gov Congressional Power to Establish Article III Courts: Historical Background  
Regarding: Article III, Section 1
Congress.gov Congressional Power to Establish Non-Article III Courts: Current Doctrine  
Regarding: Article III, Section 1, sentence 1, phrase 3
ConstitutionCenter.org Congress’s Broad Powers Under Section 5 of the Fourteenth Amendment  
Erwin Chemerinsky
Dean of Berkeley Law School; Jesse H. Choper Distinguished Professor of Law   at   University of California - Berkley Law School
Top
Congress.gov Constitutional Avoidance Doctrine  
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
ConstitutionCenter.org Constitutionality of Lame Duck Lawmaking  
Edward J. Larson
University Professor, Hugh   at   Pepperdine University School of Law
Congress.gov Contract Clause  
Regarding: Article I, Section 10, clause 1
Congress.gov Controversies Between a State or Its Citizens and Foreign States/Citizens  
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 1, phrase 10
Congress.gov Controversies Between Two or More States  
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 1, phrase 6
Congress.gov Controversies Over Land Grants in Different States  
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 1, phrase 9
Heritage.org   Convening of Congress
Regarding:  Article II, Section 3, Phrase 3
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
Congress.gov Copyright and the First Amendment  
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 13
Heritage.org Counterfeiting
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 11
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
Congress.gov Counterfeiting Power  
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 11
Top
Heritage.org   Criminal Trials
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 3
Rachel E. Barkow
Segal Family Professor of Regulatory Law and Policy   at   New York University School of Law
Heritage.org   Cruel and Unusual Punishment
Regarding: Amendment VIII, phrase 1
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
Congress.gov Custodial Interrogation Standard  
Regarding: Amendment V, phrase 4
Congress.gov Custodial Interrogation: Doctrine from 1940s to 1960s  
Congress.gov Custodial Interrogation: Early Doctrine  
Regarding: Amendment V, phrase 4
ConstitutionCenter.org Dark Side of the Noble Experiment  
David A. J. Richards
Edwin D. Webb Professor of Law   at   New York University School of Law
Heritage.org   Debt Assumption
Regarding: Article VI, clause 1
Jeffrey Sikkenga
Associate Professor of Political Science, Adjunct fellow, John M. Ashbrook Center for Public Affairs, Senior fellow, University of Virginia Program on Constitutionalism and Democracy   at   Ashland University
Heritage.org   Debts Incurred During Rebellion
Regarding: Amendment XIV, Section 4
Paul Moreno
William and Berniece Grewcock Chair in Constitutional History, Associate Professor of History   at   Hillsdale College
ConstitutionCenter.org Deceptively Clear Twenty-Fifth Amendment  
David Pozen
Professor of Law   at   Columbia Law School
Heritage.org Declare War
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 17
John Yoo
Professor of Law   at   University of California-Berkley, Boalt Hall School of Law
Top
Heritage.org Define and Punish Clause
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 15
Jack L. Goldsmith
Henry L. Shattuck Professor of Law   at   Harvard Law School
Congress.gov Define and Punish Clause: Doctrine and Practice  
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 15
Congress.gov Define and Punish Clause: Historical Background  
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 15
Congress.gov Definition of a Vacancy  
Regarding: Article II, Section 2, clause 3
Congress.gov Delegations to Private Entities  
Regarding: Article I, Section 1
Congress.gov Deprivations of Liberty  
Regarding: Amendment V, phrase 5
Congress.gov Deprivations of Property  
Regarding: Amendment V, phrase 6
Congress.gov Determinations of Elections, Returns, and Qualifications  
Regarding: Article I, Section 5, clause 1
ConstitutionCenter.org Did the Nineteenth Amendment Modify the Fourteenth?  
Gail Heriot
Professor of Law   at   University of San Diego School of Law
Heritage.org   Direct Taxes
Regarding: Article I, Section 9, clause 4
Erik M. Jensen
David L. Brennan Professor of Law   at   Case Western Reserve University Law School
Top
ConstitutionCenter.org Disappearance and Unfortunate Revival of the Tenth Amendment  
Robert Schapiro
Asa Griggs Candler Professor of Law and Co-Director of Emory Law’s Center on Federalism and Intersystemic Governance   at   Emory University
Congress.gov Discretion of Electors in Choosing a President  
Regarding: Article II, Section 1, clause 2
Heritage.org   Disqualification for Rebellion
Regarding: Amendment XIV, Section 3
Paul Moreno
William and Berniece Grewcock Chair in Constitutional History, Associate Professor of History   at   Hillsdale College
Congress.gov Distinguishing Between Officers and Non-Officers  
Regarding: Article II, Section 2, clause 2, sentence 2, phrase 2
Heritage.org   Diversity Clause
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 1, phrase 8
Terrence Pell
President   at   Center for Individual Rights
Congress.gov Diversity Jurisdiction: Overview  
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 1, phrase 8
Congress.gov Doctrine of Stare Decisis  
Regarding: Article III, Section 1:
ConstitutionCenter.org Does the Due Process Clause Say More Than What Goes Without Saying?  
John C. Harrison
James Madison Distinguished Professor of Law   at   University of Virginia School of Law
ConstitutionCenter.org Does the Treason Clause Still Matter? (Yes.)  
Paul T. Crane
;Criminal Division, Appellate Section   at   U.S. Department of Justice
Congress.gov Dormant Commerce Power: Overview  
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 4
Top
Heritage.org   Double Jeopardy
Regarding: Amendment V, phrase 3
G. Robert Blakey
The William J. and Dorothy K. O'Neill Chair in Law   at   Notre Dame Law School
Congress.gov Double Jeopardy Clause: Historical Background  
Regarding: Amendment V, phrase 3
Congress.gov Dual Federalism in the 19th and Early 20th Centuries  
Regarding: Article VI, clause 2
Heritage.org   Due Process Clause
Regarding: Amendment XIV, Section 1, sentence 2, phrase 3
James W. Ely, Jr.
Milton R. Underwood Professor of Law Emeritus, Professor of History Emeritus   at   Vanderbilt University Law School
Heritage.org   Due Process Clause
Regarding: Amendment V, phrase 5
Gary Lawson
Philip S. Beck Professor of Law,   at   Boston University School of Law
Congress.gov Early Mootness Doctrine  
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
Congress.gov Early Mootness Doctrine ArtIII.S2.C1.2.7.1 Mootness Doctrine: Overview  
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
Congress.gov Early Political Question Doctrine  
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
ConstitutionCenter.org Effective Lawyering and the Vanishing Jury in a World of Plea Bargaining  
Stephanos Bibas
United States Circuit Judge   at   United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit
ConstitutionCenter.org Eighteenth Amendment  
Robert P. George
McCormick Professor of Jurisprudence and Director of the James Madison Program in American Ideals and Institutions   at   Princeton University
and
David A. J. Richards
Edwin D. Webb Professor of Law   at   Princeton University
Top
ConstitutionCenter.org Eighth Amendment: A Contemporary Perspective  
Bryan A. Stevenson
Professor of Clinical Law   at   New York University School of Law, and Executive Director, Equal Justice Initiative
Heritage.org   Election Regulations
Regarding: Article I, Section 4, clause 1
Anthony Peacock
Professor of Law, Director, Project on Liberty   at   Utah State University
ConstitutionCenter.org Elections Clause  

Heritage.org   Elector Qualifications
Regarding: Article I, Section 2, clause 1, phrase 2
Rachel E. Barkow
Segal Family Professor of Regulatory Law and Policy   at   New York University School of Law
Heritage.org   Electoral College
Charles Fried
Beneficial Professor of Law   at   Harvard Law School
Heritage.org   Electoral College
Regarding: Article II, Section 1, clause 3
Tadahisa Kuroda
Professor of History   at   Skidmore College
Heritage.org   Electors for the District of Columbia
Regarding: Amendment XXIII, Section 1, clause 1
Adam Kurland
Professor of Law   at   Howard University School of Law
Congress.gov Electors for the House  
Regarding: Article I, Section 1, clause 1, phrase 2
ConstitutionCenter.org Eleventh Amendment  
Bradford R. Clark
William Cranch Research Professor of Law   at   George Washington University Law School
and
Vicki C. Jackson
Thurgood Marshall Professor of Constitutional Law   at   George Washington University Law School
ConstitutionCenter.org Eleventh Amendment: A Textual Approach  
Bradford R. Clark
William Cranch Research Professor of Law   at   George Washington University Law School
Top
Heritage.org   Emoluments Clause
Regarding: Article I, Section 9, clause 8
Robert J. Delahunty
Associate Professor of Law   at   University of St. Thomas School of Law
Congress.gov Enactment of Legislation  
Regarding: Article I, Section 7, clause 2
Heritage.org   Enclave Clause
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 25
Gerard Bailey
Professor of Law   at   Notre Dame Law School
Heritage.org   Enforcement Clause
Regarding: Amendment XIV, Section 5
Rachel E. Barkow
Segal Family Professor of Regulatory Law and Policy   at   New York University School of Law
ConstitutionCenter.org Enforcing the Elections Clause by Preserving the Role of Legislatures  

Heritage.org   Enumeration Clause
Regarding: Article I, Section 2, clause 3, sentence 2
Andrew Spiropoulos
Professor of Law, Director, Center for the Study of State Constitutional Law and Government   at   Oklahoma City University School of Law
Congress.gov Enumeration Clause  
Regarding: Article I, Section 2, clause 3, sentence 1
ConstitutionCenter.org Equal Civil Rights for Citizens  
John C. Harrison
James Madison Distinguished Professor of Law   at   University of Virginia School of Law
Heritage.org   Equal Protection
Regarding: Amendment XIV, Section 1, sentence 2, phrase 4
David Smolin
Harwell G. Davis Professor of Constitutional Law, Director, Center for Biotechnology, Law and Ethics   at   Cumberland School of Law, Samford University
ConstitutionCenter.org Establishment Clause: A Check on Religious Tyranny  
Marci A. Hamilton
CEO and Academic Director at CHILD USA; Fox Family Pavilion Distinguished Scholar in the Fox Leadership Program   at   University of Pennsylvania
Top
ConstitutionCenter.org Establishment Clause: Co-Guarantor of Religious Freedom  
Michael McConnell
Richard and Frances Mallery Professor and Director of the Constitutional Law Cente   at   Stanford Law School; Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution
Congress.gov Establishment of Offices and Officers Not Provided for in Constitution  
Heritage.org   Establishment of Religion
Regarding: Amendment I, phrase 1
John Baker
Professor Emeritus, Distinguished Scholar in Residence, Catholic University Columbus School of Law   at   Louisiana State University, Paul M. Hebert Law Center
Heritage.org   Ex Post Facto
Regarding: Article I, Section 9, clause 2, phrase 3
Daniel Troy
Senior Vice President   at   GlaxoSmithKline
Congress.gov Ex Post Facto Laws  
Regarding: Article I, Section 9, clause 3, phrase 2
Congress.gov Exceptions to Miranda  
Regarding: Amendment V, phrase 4
Congress.gov Exceptions to Mootness in the Criminal Context  
Congress.gov Exceptions to Mootness: Capable of Repetition, Yet Evading Review  
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
Congress.gov Exceptions to Mootness: Introduction  
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
Congress.gov Exceptions to Mootness: Voluntary Cessation Doctrine  
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
Top
Heritage.org   Executive Vesting Clause
Regarding: Article I, Section 10, clause 3
Sai Prakash
David Lurton Massee, Jr., Professor of Law   at   University of Virginia School of Law
Congress.gov Executive Vesting Clause: Current Doctrine  
Regarding: Article II, Section 1, clause 1
Congress.gov Executive Vesting Clause: Doctrine from 1920s to 1950s  
Regarding: Article II, Section 1, clause 1
Congress.gov Executive Vesting Clause: Early Doctrine  
Regarding: Article II, Section 1, clause 1
Congress.gov Executive Vesting Clause: Historical Background  
Regarding: Article II, Section 1, clause 1
Heritage.org   Executive Writs of Election
Regarding: Article I, Section 2, clause 4
Paul Taylor
Chief Counsel   at   House Judiciary Committee
Congress.gov Expatriation  
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 7
Heritage.org   Export Taxation Clause
Regarding: Article I, Section 9, clause 5
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
ConstitutionCenter.org Fall of the Civil Jury  
Suja A. Thomas
Peer and Sarah Pedersen Professor of Law   at   University of Illinois College of Law
Congress.gov Federal Court Non-Interference With State Jurisdiction: Exhaustion Doctrine  
Regarding: Article III, Section 1
Top
Congress.gov Federal Court Non-Interference With State Jurisdiction: Overview  
Regarding: Article III, Section 1
EveryCRSReport.com Federal Habeas Corpus: A Brief Legal Overview
Larry Arnn
President   at   Hillsdale College
and
Dennis W. Arrow
Professor of Law, Associate Director, Native American Legal Resource Center, Associate Director, Center for the Study of State Constitutional Law and Government   at   Hillsdale College
Heritage.org   Federal Party
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 1, phrase 5
Paul Rosenweig
Founder Visiting Fellow, The Heritage Foundation   at   Red Branch Law
ConstitutionCenter.org Federal Power Over Elections and The Twenty-Fourth Amendment  
Derek T. Muller
Professor of Law   at   Pepperdine University School of Law
Congress.gov Federal-State Court Relations: Habeas Review  
Regarding: Article III, Section 1, sentence 1
Congress.gov Federal-State Court Relations: Overview  
Regarding: Article III, Section 1
ConstitutionCenter.org Fifteenth Amendment  
Richard H. Pildes
Sudler Family Professor of Constitutional Law   at   New York University School of Law
and
Bradley Smith
Josiah H. Blackmore II/Shirley M. Nault Designated Professor of Law   at   New York University School of Law
ConstitutionCenter.org Fifteenth Amendment: The Right to Vote Today  
Richard H. Pildes
Sudler Family Professor of Constitutional Law   at   New York University School of Law
ConstitutionCenter.org Fifth Amendment Criminal Procedure Clauses  
Paul Cassell
Ronald N. Boyce Presidential Professor of Criminal Law and University Distinguished Professor of Law   at   Ronald N. Boyce Presidential Professor of Criminal Law and University Distinguished Professor of Law
and
Kate Stith
Lafayette S. Foster Professor of Law   at   Ronald N. Boyce Presidential Professor of Criminal Law and University Distinguished Professor of Law
ConstitutionCenter.org Fifth Amendment Due Process Clause  
Roger A Fairfax
Professor of Law, the Patricia Roberts Harris Research Professor, and Founding Director of the Criminal Law and Policy Initiative   at   George Washington University Law School
and
John C. Harrison
James Madison Distinguished Professor of Law   at   George Washington University Law School
Top
ConstitutionCenter.org Fixing Free Speech  
Geoffrey R Stone
Edward H. Levi Distinguished Service Professor of Law   at   University of Chicago Law School
Congress.gov Foreign Commerce Power  
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, plause 3
Congress.gov Foreign Emoluments Clause  
Regarding: Article I, Section 9, clause 8
ConstitutionCenter.org Fourteenth Amendment Due Process Clause  
Nathan S. Chapman
Associate Professor of Law   at   Univeristy of Georgia School of Law
and
Kenji Yoshino
Chief Justice Earl Warren Professor of Constitutional Law and the Director of the Center for Diversity, Inclusion, and Belonging   at   Univeristy of Georgia School of Law
ConstitutionCenter.org Fourteenth Amendment Enforcement Clause  
Erwin Chemerinsky
Dean of Berkeley Law School; Jesse H. Choper Distinguished Professor of Law   at   University of California - Berkley Law School
and
Earl Maltz
Distinguished Professor of Law   at   University of California - Berkley Law School
ConstitutionCenter.org Fourth Amendment  
Barry Friedman
Jacob D. Fuchsberg Professor of Law and Affiliated Professor of Politics, Director of the Policing Project   at   New York Univeristy
and
Orin Kerr
Fred C. Stevenson Research Professor of Law   at   New York Univeristy
Congress.gov Fourth Amendment: Historical Background  
Regarding: Amendment IV
ConstitutionCenter.org Free Exercise Clause  
Frederick Gedicks
Guy Anderson Chair and Professor of Law   at   J. Reuben Clark Law School at Brigham Young University
and
Michael McConnell
Richard and Frances Mallery Professor and Director of the Constitutional Law Cente   at   J. Reuben Clark Law School at Brigham Young University
Heritage.org   Free Exercise of Religion
Regarding: Amendment I, phrase 2
Thomas C. Berg
James L. Oberstar Professor of Law and Public Policy   at   University of St. Thomas School of Law
ConstitutionCenter.org Free Exercise: A Vital Protection for Diversity and Freedom  
Michael McConnell
Richard and Frances Mallery Professor and Director of the Constitutional Law Cente   at   Stanford Law School; Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution
Top
Heritage.org   Freedom of Assembly and Petition
Regarding: Amendment I, phrase 4
David Bernstein
George Mason University Foundation Professor   at   George Mason University School of Law
Heritage.org   Freedom of Speech and of the Press
Regarding: Amendment I, phrase 3
Eugene Volokh
Gary T. Schwartz Professor of Law   at   University of California, Los Angeles School of Law
ConstitutionCenter.org Freedom of Speech and the Press  
Geoffrey R Stone
Edward H. Levi Distinguished Service Professor of Law   at   University of Chicago Law School
and
Eugene Volokh
Gary T. Schwartz Professor of Law   at   University of Chicago Law School
ConstitutionCenter.org Frontiers for Free Speech  
Eugene Volokh
Gary T. Schwartz Professor of Law   at   University of California, Los Angeles School of Law
Heritage.org   Fugitive Slave Clause
Regarding: Article IV, Section 2, clause 3
Matthew Spalding
Vice President, American Studies, Director, B. Kenneth Simon Center for Principles and Politics   at   The Heritage Foundation
Congress.gov Fugitive Slave Clause: Doctrine and Practice  
Regarding: Article IV, Section 2, clause 3
Heritage.org   Full Faith and Credit Clause
Regarding: Article IV, Section 1
Erin O'Hara O'Connor
Erin O'Hara O'Connor Professor of Law Vanderbilt University Law School   at   Vanderbilt University Law School
Congress.gov Full Faith and Credit Clause: Historical Background  
Regarding: Article IV, Section 1
ConstitutionCenter.org Full Faith and Credit in Court and in Congress  
Stephen E Sachs
Professor of Law   at   Duke University Law School
ConstitutionCenter.org Full Faith and Credit: Some Lingering Dilemmas  
Steve Sanders
Professor of Law; Adjunct Professor, Department of Political Science; Affiliated Faculty, Department of Gender Studies and The Kinsey Institute   at   Indiana University-Bloomington
Top
ConstitutionCenter.org Full Promise of the Sixth Amendment  
Jeffrey L. Fisher
Professor of Law and Co-Director of the Supreme Court Litigation Clinic   at   Stanford Law School
ConstitutionCenter.org Further Comments on Article I, Section 10  
Jack Rakove
William Robertson Coe Professor of History and American Studies; Professor of Political Science and, by courtesy, Law   at   Stanford University
ConstitutionCenter.org Future of Article I, Section 7  
Bradley Smith
Josiah H. Blackmore II/Shirley M. Nault Designated Professor of Law   at   Capital University Law School
ConstitutionCenter.org Future of Racial Preferences  
Brian T. Fitzpatrick
Professor of Law   at   Vanderbilt Law School
ConstitutionCenter.org Future of the Fourth Amendment  
Orin Kerr
Fred C. Stevenson Research Professor of Law   at   George Washington University Law School
ConstitutionCenter.org Future of Voting Rights: Finding the Right Balance  
Bradley Smith
Josiah H. Blackmore II/Shirley M. Nault Designated Professor of Law   at   Capital University Law School
Congress.gov General Protections Against Self-Incrimination: Doctrine and Practice  
Congress.gov General Protections Against Self-Incrimination: Historical Background  
Regarding: Amendment V, phrase 4
ConstitutionCenter.org Giving Meaning to the Preamble  
Erwin Chemerinsky
Dean of Berkeley Law School; Jesse H. Choper Distinguished Professor of Law   at   University of California - Berkley Law School
and
Michael Stokes Paulsen
Distinguished University Chair and Professor   at   University of California - Berkley Law School
ConstitutionCenter.org Good and Bad Reasons For and Against Alcohol Prohibition  
Robert P. George
McCormick Professor of Jurisprudence and Director of the James Madison Program in American Ideals and Institutions   at   Princeton University
Top
Heritage.org   Good Behavior Clause
Regarding: Article III, Section 1, sentence 2, phrase 1
Jonathan Turley
J.B. and Maurice C. Shapiro Professor of Public Interest Law,Director, Environmental Law Advocacy Center, Executive Director, Project for Older Prisoners   at   The George Washington University Law School
Congress.gov Good Behavior Clause: Doctrine and Practice  
Regarding: Article III, Section 1
Congress.gov Good Behavior Clause: Historical Background  
Regarding: Article III, Section 1, sentence 2, phrase 1
Congress.gov Good Behavior Clause: Overview  
Regarding: Article III, Section 1, sentence 2, phrase 1
Congress.gov Grand Jury Clause: Doctrine and Practice  
Congress.gov Grand Jury Clause: Historical Background  
Heritage.org   Grand Jury Exception
Regarding: Amendment V, phrase 2
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
Heritage.org   Grand Jury Requirement
Regarding: Amendment V, phrase 1
Andrew D. Leipold
Edwin M. Adams Professor, Director, Program in Criminal Law   at   University of Illinois College of Law
ConstitutionCenter.org Guarantee Clause  
Erin M. Hawley
Associate Professor of Law   at   University of Missouri School of Law
ConstitutionCenter.org Guarantee Clause  
Gabriel J. Chin
Edward L. Barrett Jr. Chair of Law, Martin Luther King, Jr. Professor of Law, and Director of Clinical Legal Education   at   University of California - Davis School of Law
and
Erin M. Hawley
Associate Professor of Law   at   University of California - Davis School of Law
Top
Heritage.org   Guarantee Clause
Robert G. Natelson
Senior Fellow in Constitutional Jurisprudence   at   Independence Institute
ConstitutionCenter.org Guarantee Clause In Exile  
Gabriel J. Chin
Edward L. Barrett Jr. Chair of Law, Martin Luther King, Jr. Professor of Law, and Director of Clinical Legal Education   at   University of California - Davis School of Law
Congress.gov Guarantee of a Republican Form of Government: Doctrine and Practice  
Regarding: Article IV, Section 4
Congress.gov Guarantee of a Republican Form of Government: Historical Background  
Regarding: Article IV, Section 4
NYMag.com Here's Every Defense of the Electoral College -- and Why They're All Wrong
Eric Levitz
  at   Writer East Coast Magazine
thoughtco.com History of the U.S. Federal Income Tax
Robert Longley
Freelance writer
Heritage.org House Journal
Regarding: Article I, Section 5, clause 3
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
Heritage.org   House of Representatives
Regarding: Article I, Section 2, clause 1, phrase 1
Bradley Smith
Josiah H. Blackmore II/Shirley M. Nault Designated Professor of Law   at   Capital University Law School
ConstitutionCenter.org How the Militia Clauses Inform the Scope of the Commander in Chief’s Inherent Power  
Stephen I. Vladeck
Dalton Cross Professor in Law   at   University of Texas at Austin School of Law
and
Michael D. Ramsey
Professor of Law   at   University of Texas at Austin School of Law
ConstitutionCenter.org How We Change the Constitution (Hint: It’s Not By Amending It)  
David A. Strauss
Gerald Ratner Distinguished Service Professor of Law and Faculty Director of the Jenner and Block Supreme Court and Appellate Clinic   at   University of Chicago Law School
Top
Congress.gov I.S8.C16.1 Power to Organize Militias  
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 24
Congress.gov Impartial Decision Maker  
Heritage.org   Impeachment
Regarding: Article I, Section 2, clause 5, phrase 2
Stephen B. Presser
Sullivan   at   Northwestern University School of Law
Congress.gov Implied or Inherent Powers: Overview  
Regarding: Article II, Section 2, clause 3
Congress.gov Implied Power of Congress Over Immigration  
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 26
Congress.gov Implied Power of Congress to Conduct Investigations and Oversight: Doctrine and Practice  
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 26
Congress.gov Implied Power of Congress to Conduct Investigations and Oversight: Historical Background  
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 26
Congress.gov Import-Export Clause  
Regarding: Article I, Section 10, clause 2
Congress.gov Imposing Martial Law  
Regarding: Article II, Section 2, clause 1
Congress.gov Imposing Martial Law ArtII.S2.C1.2 Presidential Advisors ArtII.S2.C1.1.3.2 Provision for Detention and Trial of Prisoners of War and  
Regarding: Article II, Section 2, clause 1
Top
Congress.gov Imposing Non-Adjudicatory Function on Courts  
Regarding: Article III, Section 1
Congress.gov Imposition of Multiple Punishments for the Same Offense  
Regarding: Amendment V
Congress.gov In General  
Regarding: Article I, Section 3, phrase 14
Congress.gov In General  
Regarding: Article II, Section 1, clause 4
Congress.gov In General  
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 21
Congress.gov In General  
Regarding: See Article II, Section 1, clause 2
Congress.gov In General  
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 3
Congress.gov In General  
Regarding: Article I, Section 2, clause 4
Congress.gov In General  
Regarding: Article VI, clause 1
Congress.gov In General  
Regarding: Article I, Section 3, clause 1
Top
Congress.gov In General  
Regarding: Article I, Section 3, clause 3
Congress.gov In General  
Regarding: Article I, Section 3, clause 4
Congress.gov In General  
Regarding: Article I, Section 3, clause 5
Congress.gov In General  
Regarding: Article I, Section 5, clause 4
Heritage.org   Income Tax
Regarding: Amendment XVI
Erik M. Jensen
David L. Brennan Professor of Law   at   Case Western Reserve University Law School
Heritage.org   Incompatibility Clause
Regarding: Article I, Section 6, clause 2, sentence 1, phrase 2
Joan L. Larsen
Counsel to the Associate Dean for Student and Graduate Activities Lecturer   at   University of Michigan Law School
Congress.gov Incompatibility Clause  
Regarding: Article I, Section 6, clause 2
Congress.gov Ineligibility / Sinecure Clause  
Regarding: Article I, Section 6, clause 2
Heritage.org Inferior Courts
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 14
David Engdahl
Professor of Law   at   Seattle University School of Law
Heritage.org   Inferior Offices
Regarding:  Article II, Section 2, Clause 2, Phrase 3
Douglas Cox
Partner   at   Gibson, Dunn
Top
Congress.gov Inherent Powers of Federal Courts: Contempt and Sanctions  
Regarding: Article III, Section 1
Congress.gov Inherent Powers of Federal Courts: Issuing Judgments  
Regarding: Article III, Section 1
Congress.gov Inherent Powers of Federal Courts: Procedural Rules  
Regarding: Article III, Section 1
Heritage.org   Interstate Disputes
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 1, phrase 6
Paul Rosenweig
Founder Visiting Fellow, The Heritage Foundation   at   Red Branch Law
Heritage.org   Interstate Rendition Clause
Regarding: Article IV, Section 2, clause 2
Richard Peltz
Professor of Law   at   University of Arkansas at Little Rock, William H. Bowen School of Law
Congress.gov Interstate Renditions Clause: Doctrine and Practice  
ConstitutionCenter.org Is the Senate Broken?  
Steven G. Calabresi
Clayton J. and Henry R. Barber Professor of Law   at   Pritzker School of Law Northwestern University
TheNation.com It's Time to Repeal and Replace the Second Amendment
Ellie Mystal
Congress.gov Judgment in Cases of Impeachment: Doctrine and Practice  
Regarding: Article I, Section 3, clause 7
Congress.gov Judgment in Cases of Impeachment: Overview  
Regarding: Article I, Section 3, clause 7
Top
Heritage.org   Judicial Compensation Clause
Regarding: Article III, Section 1, sentence 2, phrase 2
Jonathan Turley
J.B. and Maurice C. Shapiro Professor of Public Interest Law,Director, Environmental Law Advocacy Center, Executive Director, Project for Older Prisoners   at   The George Washington University Law School
Congress.gov Judicial Compensation Clause: Doctrine and Practice  
Regarding: Article III, Section 1, sentence 1, phrase 2
ConstitutionCenter.org Judicial Enforcement of Article I, Section 7  
Nicholas Bagley
Professor of Law   at   The University of Michigan Law School
Heritage.org   Judicial Power
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 1, phrase 1
Arthur Hellman
Professor of Law Sally Ann Semenko Endowed Chair   at   University of Pittsburgh School of Law
ConstitutionCenter.org Judicial Power and the Power of Judicial Review  
Richard W. Garnett
Professor of Law, Associate Dean for Faculty Research, Concurrent Professor of Political Science   at   Notre Dame Law School
Congress.gov Judicial Proceeding  
Regarding: Article IV, Section 1
Congress.gov Judicial Proceedings  
Heritage.org   Judicial Vesting
Regarding: Article III, Section 1, sentence 1, phrase 1
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
Congress.gov Judicial Vesting Clause: Doctrine and Practice  
Regarding: Article III, Section 1
Heritage.org   Jury Trial
Regarding: Amendment VI, phrase 3
Albert W. Alschuler
Julius Kreeger Professor Emeritus of Law and Criminology   at   Northwestern University Law School
Top
Congress.gov Keeping a Journal of Proceedings  
Regarding: Article I, Section 5, clause 3
Heritage.org   Land Grant Jurisdiction Clause
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 1, phrase 9
John C. Eastman
Henry Salvatori Professor of Law   at   Chapman University School of Law
Congress.gov Law Applied in Diversity Cases  
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
Congress.gov Legal Requirement When Appointing and Officer  
Regarding: Article II, Section 2, clause 2, sentence 2, phrase 2
Congress.gov Legal Status of Electors  
Heritage.org   Legislative Vesting Clause
Regarding: Article I, Section 1
Douglas H. Ginsburg
Professor of Law   at   New York University School of Law
ConstitutionCenter.org Let's Be Clear: Recognizing the Vagueness Doctrine of the Fifth Amendment's Due Process Clause  
Roger A Fairfax
Professor of Law, the Patricia Roberts Harris Research Professor, and Founding Director of the Criminal Law and Policy Initiative   at   George Washington University Law School
ConstitutionCenter.org Liberal Case for the Seventeenth Amendment  
David N Schleicher
Professor of Law   at   Yale University Law School
Congress.gov Limits on Issuing Legal Tender  
Regarding: Article I, Section 10, clause 1
Heritage.org Marque and Reprisal
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 18
John Yoo
Professor of Law   at   University of California-Berkley, Boalt Hall School of Law
Top
Congress.gov Mathews Test  
Regarding: Amendment V, phrase 5
ConstitutionCenter.org Meaning and Legal Effect of the Ninth Amendment  
Randy E. Barnett
Carmack Waterhouse Professor of Legal Theory   at   Georgetown University Law Center
Congress.gov Meetings of Congress  
Regarding: Article I, Section 4, clause 2
Heritage.org   Meetings of Congress Clause
Regarding: Article I, Section 4, clause 2
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
Congress.gov Military  
Regarding: Article I, Section 1
Congress.gov Military Exception to the Grand Jury Clause  
Regarding: Amendment V, phrase 2
Heritage.org Military Installations
Gerard Bailey
Professor of Law   at   Notre Dame Law School
Heritage.org   Military Regulations
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 22
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
Heritage.org   Militia Clause
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 23
Mackubin Owens
Professor of National Security Affairs, Senior Fellow of the Foreign Policy Research Institute   at   United States Naval War College
Congress.gov Miranda and its Aftermath  
Regarding: Amendment V, phrase 4
Top
Congress.gov Modern Mootness Doctrine: General Criteria of Mootness  
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
Congress.gov Modern Mootness Doctrine: General Criteria of Mootness ArtIII.S2.C1.2.7.3.1 Modern Mootness Doctrine: Introduction  
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
ConstitutionCenter.org Most Compelling Reading of the Vesting Clause  
Christopher H. Schroeder Schroeder
Charles S. Murphy Professor of Law and Public Policy Studies   at   Duke University Law School
ConstitutionCenter.org Narrow Repeal of Party-Based Jurisdiction  
Vicki C. Jackson
Thurgood Marshall Professor of Constitutional Law   at   Harvard Law School
Heritage.org Naturalization
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 7
Joseph M. Bessette
Alice Tweed Tuohy Professor of Government and Ethics,Department of Government   at   Claremont McKenna College
Congress.gov Naturalization Power: Overview  
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 7
Congress.gov Nature and Scope of the Right Secured for Copyright  
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 13
ConstitutionCenter.org Nature and the Scope of the Equal Footing Doctrine  
Eric Biber
Edward C. Halbach Jr. Professor of Law   at   University of California - Berkley Law School
Heritage.org   Navy Clause
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 21
Mackubin Owens
Professor of National Security Affairs, Senior Fellow of the Foreign Policy Research Institute   at   United States Naval War College
Heritage.org   Necessary and Proper Clause
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, Phrase 26
David Engdahl
Professor of Law   at   Seattle University School of Law
Top
Heritage.org   New States Clause
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
ConstitutionCenter.org Nineteenth Amendment  
Nancy Gertner
Senior Lecturer on Law   at   Harvard Law School
and
Gail Heriot
Professor of Law   at   Harvard Law School
ConstitutionCenter.org Ninth Amendment  
Randy E. Barnett
Carmack Waterhouse Professor of Legal Theory   at   Georgetown University Law Center
and
Louis Michael Seidman
Carmack Waterhouse Professor of Constitutional Law   at   Georgetown University Law Center
ConstitutionCenter.org Ninth Amendment: For Us, The Living  
Louis Michael Seidman
Carmack Waterhouse Professor of Constitutional Law   at   Georgetown Law Center
ConstitutionCenter.org No Religious Test Clause  
Dennis W. Arrow
Professor of Law, Associate Director, Native American Legal Resource Center, Associate Director, Center for the Study of State Constitutional Law and Government   at   Oklahoma City University School of Law
LATimes.com No, The Electoral College Isn't "Electoral Affirmative Action" for Rural States
John W. York
L.A.
ConstitutionCenter.org Not a Second Class Right: The Second Amendment Today  
Nelson Lund
Patrick Henry Professor of Constitutional Law and the Second Amendment   at   George Mason University School of Law
ConstitutionCenter.org Not Whether But How: Discerning New Constitutional Freedoms  
Kenji Yoshino
Chief Justice Earl Warren Professor of Constitutional Law and the Director of the Center for Diversity, Inclusion, and Belonging   at   New York University School of Law
ConstitutionCenter.org Not Your Founding Fathers' Judiciary  
David A. Strauss
Gerald Ratner Distinguished Service Professor of Law and Faculty Director of the Jenner and Block Supreme Court and Appellate Clinic   at   University of Chicago Law School
Congress.gov Notice of the Change or Issue  
Regarding: Amendment V, phrase 5
Top
Congress.gov Oath of Office  
Regarding: Article II, Section 1, clause 8
Heritage.org   Oath of Office
Regarding:  Article II, Section 1, Clause 8,
Vasan Kesavan
Congress.gov Oath of Office Requirement  
Heritage.org   Oaths Clause
Regarding: Article VI, clause 3
Matthew Spalding
Vice President, American Studies, Director, B. Kenneth Simon Center for Principles and Politics   at   The Heritage Foundation
Heritage.org   Obligation of Contract
Regarding: Article I, Section 10, clause 1, phrase 4
Richard A. Epstein
James Parker Hall Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus of Law and Senior Lecturer, Laurence A. Tisch Professor of Law, New York University Law School, Senior Fellow, Hoover Institution   at   The University of Chicago Law School
ConstitutionCenter.org One President at a Time: Tightening the Presidential Transition  
Jeff Shesol
Co-Founder and Partner at West Wing Writers; Author and Journalist
Heritage.org   Opinion Clause
Regarding:  Article II, Section 2, Clause 1, Phrase 3
Todd Gaziano
Director, Center for Legal and Judicial Studies   at   The Heritage Foundation
Congress.gov Opportunity for Meaningful Hearing  
ConstitutionCenter.org Ordering State-Federal Relations through the Elections Clause  
Franita Tolson
Vice Dean for Faculty and Academic Affairs and Professor of Law   at   University of Southern California Gould School of Law
Congress.gov Organization of the House of Representatives  
Regarding: Article I, Section 2, clause 1, phrase 1
Top
Heritage.org   Organizing the Militia
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 24
Mackubin Owens
Professor of National Security Affairs, Senior Fellow of the Foreign Policy Research Institute   at   United States Naval War College
Congress.gov Original Cases Affecting Ambassadors, Public Ministers,  
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, Clause 2:
Congress.gov Original Jurisdiction  
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 2, phrase 1
Heritage.org   Original Jurisdiction
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 1, phrase 10
Paul Verkuil
Professor of Law Chairman of the Administrative Conference of the United States   at   Yeshiva University, Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law
ConstitutionCenter.org Original Senate and the Seventeenth Amendment  
Todd Zywicki
Foundation Professor of Law   at   George Mason University School of Law
ConstitutionCenter.org Originalism: An Essential Ingredient of the Constitutional Amendment Process  
Michael B. Rappaport
Professor of Law   at   University of San Diego School of Law
Heritage.org   Origination Clause
Regarding: Article I, Section 7, clause 1
Erik M. Jensen
David L. Brennan Professor of Law   at   Case Western Reserve University Law School
Congress.gov Origination Clause  
Regarding: Article I, Section 7, clause 1
Congress.gov Origins and Scope of the Power  
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 13
Heritage.org   Pardon Power
Regarding:  Article II, Section 2, Clause 1, Phrase 4
James Pfiffner
Professor of Public Policy   at   George Mason University
Top
Congress.gov Particular Subjects or Concerns�Closer Scrutiny or Uniform Standard?  
Regarding: Article I, Section 1
Congress.gov Passage of Orders, Resolutions, or Votes  
Regarding: Article I, Section 7, clause 3, sentence 1
Heritage.org Patent and Copyright Clause
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 13
Thomas B. Nachbar
Professor of Law, Senior Fellow, Center for National Security Law   at   University of Virginia School of Law
Congress.gov Patentable Discoveries  
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 13
Congress.gov Persons Protected by the Due Process Clause: Persons  
Regarding: Amendment V, phrase 5
Congress.gov Persons Protected by the Due Process Clause: State Governments  
Regarding: Amendment V, phrase 5
Heritage.org   Pocket Veto
Regarding: Article I, Section 7, clause 2, sentence 2
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
Congress.gov Political Question Doctrine: Current Doctrine  
Congress.gov Political Question Doctrine: Overview  
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
Heritage.org   Poll Taxes
Regarding: Amendment XXIV, Section 1
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
Top
Heritage.org   Popular Election of Senators
Regarding: Amendment XVII, clause 1
Ralph Rossum
Salvatori Professor of Political Philosophy   at   Claremont McKenna College
Heritage.org   Port Preference Clause
Regarding: Article I, Section 9, clause 6
Nelson Lund
Patrick Henry Professor of Constitutional Law and the Second Amendment   at   George Mason University School of Law
Heritage.org Post Office
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 12
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
Congress.gov Postal Power: Overview  
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 12
Congress.gov Postal Power: Restrictions on State Power  
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 12
Congress.gov Power of Congress Over Patents and Copyrights  
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 13
Congress.gov Power Over Places Purchased  
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, Clause 17:
Congress.gov Power over the Seat of Government: Historical  
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 25
Congress.gov Power to Call Forth the Militia  
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 23
Congress.gov Power to Declare War  
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 17
Top
ConstitutionCenter.org Power to Enforce: Section Five of the Fourteenth Amendment  
Earl Maltz
Distinguished Professor of Law   at   Rutgers University School of Law, Camden
Congress.gov Power to Govern and Regulate Land and Naval Forces  
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 22
Congress.gov Power to Make Rules Regarding Capture  
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 19
Congress.gov Power to Raise and Support an Army: Historical Background  
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 20
Congress.gov Power to Raise and Support an Army: Overview  
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 20
Heritage.org   Preamble
Regarding: Preamble
Forrest McDonald
Distinguished University Research Professor Emeritus, University of Alabama   at   University of Alabama
ConstitutionCenter.org Preamble  
Erwin Chemerinsky
Dean of Berkeley Law School; Jesse H. Choper Distinguished Professor of Law   at   University of California - Berkley Law School
and
Michael Stokes Paulsen
Distinguished University Chair and Professor   at   University of California - Berkley Law School
Congress.gov Preamble Overview  
Regarding: Preamble
ConstitutionCenter.org Preamble’s Significance for Constitutional Interpretation  
Michael Stokes Paulsen
Distinguished University Chair and Professor   at   University of St. Thomas School of Law
ConstitutionCenter.org Preemption, Purposivism, and the Supremacy Clause  
Caleb Nelson
Emerson G. Spies Distinguished Professor of Law   at   University of Virginia School of Law
Top
Heritage.org   Presentment Clause
Regarding: Article I, Section 7, clause 2, sentence 1
Michael B. Rappaport
Professor of Law   at   University of San Diego School of Law
Heritage.org   Presentment of Resolutions
Regarding: Article I, Section 7, clause 3, sentence 1
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
Heritage.org   President Pro Tempore
Regarding:  Article I, Section 3, clause 5
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
ConstitutionCenter.org President's Exclusive Power to Direct Military Operations  
Michael D. Ramsey
Professor of Law   at   University of San Diego School of Law
Congress.gov President's Term in Office  
Regarding: Article II, Section 1, clause 1
  Presidential Advisors  
Regarding: Article II, Section 2, clause 1
Heritage.org   Presidential Compensation
Regarding:  Article II, Section 1, Clause 7,
Robert J. Delahunty
Associate Professor of Law   at   University of St. Thomas School of Law
ConstitutionCenter.org Presidential Duties  
Sai Prakash
David Lurton Massee, Jr., Professor of Law   at   University of Virginia School of Law
Heritage.org   Presidential Electors
Regarding: Article II, Section 1, clause 2
Einer R. Elhauge
Carroll and Milton Petrie Professor of Law   at   Harvard Law School
Congress.gov Presidential Electors: Historical Background  
Regarding: Article II, Section 1, clause 2
Top
Heritage.org   Presidential Eligibility
Regarding: Article II, Section 1, clause 3
James C. Ho
Partner   at   Gibson, Dunn
Congress.gov Presidential Impeachments  
Regarding: Article I, Section 3, clause 6
Heritage.org   Presidential Succession
Regarding:  Article II, Section 1, Clause 6,
John Feerick
Norris Professor of Law   at   Fordham University School of Law
Heritage.org   Presidential Succession
Regarding: Amendment XXV, Section 1
John Feerick
Norris Professor of Law   at   Fordham University School of Law
Congress.gov Presidential Succession  
Regarding: Article II, Section 1, clause 6
Heritage.org   Presidential Term
Regarding: Article II, Section 1, clause 1, sentence 2, phrase 1
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
Heritage.org   Presidential Term Limit
Regarding: Amendment XXII, Section 1
Bruce Peabody
Professor of Political Science   at   Fairleigh Dickinson University
Heritage.org   Presidential Terms
Regarding: Amendment XX, Section 1
John Copeland Nagle
ohn N. Matthews Professor of Law   at   Notre Dame Law School
Heritage.org   Presidential Vote
Regarding: Article II, Section 1, clause 2
Einer R. Elhauge
Carroll and Milton Petrie Professor of Law   at   Harvard Law School
Heritage.org Privilege from Arrest
Regarding: Article I, Section 6, clause 1, sentence 2, phrase 1
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
Top
Congress.gov Privilege From Arrest  
Regarding: Article I, Section 6, clause 1, sentence 2, phrase 1
Heritage.org   Privileges and Immunities Clause
Regarding: Article IV, Section 2, clause 1
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
Congress.gov Privileges and Immunity Clause: Doctrine and Practice  
Regarding: Article IV, Section 2, clause 1
Congress.gov Privileges and Immunity Clause: Historical Background  
Regarding: Article IV, Section 2, Clause 1:
Heritage.org   Privileges or Immunities
Regarding: Amendment XIV, Section 1, sentence 2, phrase 2
Calvin R. Massey
Professor of Law   at   Professor of Law University of California, Hastings College of the Law
ConstitutionCenter.org Privileges or Immunities Clause  
Akhil Reed Amar
Sterling Professor of Law and Political Science   at   Yale University
ConstitutionCenter.org Privileges or Immunities Clause: America’s Lost Clause  
Akhil Reed Amar
Sterling Professor of Law and Political Science   at   Yale University
  Problem of the Seventh Amendment and Civil Jury Trial  
Renée Lettow Lerner
Donald Phillip Rothschild Research Professor of Law   at   George Washington University Law School
Congress.gov Procedural Due Process in Non-Criminal Cases: Overview  
Regarding: Amendment V, phrase 5
Heritage.org   Prohibition
Regarding: Amendment XVIII, Section 1
Bradley C. S. Watson
Philip M. McKenna Chair in American and Western Political Thought, Chairperson of the Department of Politics, Co-Executive Director of the Center for Political and Economic Thought   at   Saint Vincent College
Top
Heritage.org   Prohibition on Amendment: Equal Suffrage in the Senate
Regarding: Article V, phrase 3
Ralph Rossum
Salvatori Professor of Political Philosophy   at   Claremont McKenna College
Heritage.org   Prohibition on Amendment: Slave Trade
Regarding: Article V, phrase 2
Matthew Spalding
Vice President, American Studies, Director, B. Kenneth Simon Center for Principles and Politics   at   The Heritage Foundation
Congress.gov Prohibition on Direct Taxation: Early Doctrine  
Regarding: Article I, Section 9, clause 4
Congress.gov Prohibition on Direct Taxation: Overview  
Regarding: Article I, Section 9, clause 4
Congress.gov Prohibition on Direct Taxation: Pollock and its Effect  
Regarding: Article I, Section 9, clause 4
Congress.gov Prohibition on Port Preferences  
Regarding: Article I, Section 9, clause 6
Congress.gov Prohibition on Taxes on Exports  
Regarding: Article I, Section 9, clause 5
Congress.gov Property Clause  
Regarding: Article IV, Section 3, clause 2
Heritage.org   Property Clause
Regarding: Article IV, Section 3, clause 3, phrase 1
Thomas Merrill
Charles Evans Hughes Professor of Law   at   Columbia Law School
Congress.gov Proposing Amendments: Congressional Proposals  
Regarding: Article V, phrase 1
Top
Congress.gov Proposing Amendments: Proposals by Convention  
Regarding: Article V
Congress.gov Protective Theory of Jurisdiction  
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, Clause 1
  Public Acts and Records  
Regarding: Article IV, Section 1:
ConstitutionCenter.org Public Morality, Prudence, and the  
Robert P. George
McCormick Professor of Jurisprudence and Director of the James Madison Program in American Ideals and Institutions   at   Princeton University
Heritage.org   Public Trial
Regarding: Amendment VI, phrase 2
Richard W. Garnett
Professor of Law, Associate Dean for Faculty Research, Concurrent Professor of Political Science   at   Notre Dame Law School
Heritage.org   Punishment for Impeachment
Regarding: Article I, ;Section 3, clause 7
Michael J. Gerhardt
Burton Craige Distinguished Professor of Jurisprudence   at   University of North Carolina School of Law
Heritage.org   Punishment of Treason
Regarding: Article III, Section 3, clause 2
Bradley C. S. Watson
Philip M. McKenna Chair in American and Western Political Thought, Chairperson of the Department of Politics, Co-Executive Director of the Center for Political and Economic Thought   at   Saint Vincent College
Congress.gov Punishments and Expulsions  
Regarding: Article I, Section 5, clause 1
Heritage.org Qualifications and Quorum
Regarding: Article I, Section 5, clause 1
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
Heritage.org   Qualifications for Representatives
Regarding: Article I, Section 2, clause 2
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
Top
Heritage.org Qualifications for Senators
Regarding: Article I, Section 3, clause 3
Ronald Pestritto
Associate Professor of Politics, Charles and Lucia Shipley Chair in American Constitution, Department of History and Political Science; Graduate School of Statesmanship   at   Hillsdale College
Congress.gov Qualifications for the Presidency  
Regarding: Article II, Section 1, clause 5
Congress.gov Qualifications of Members of the House of Representatives  
Regarding: Article I, Section 2, clause 2
Heritage.org   Quartering of Troops
Regarding: Amendment III
Andrew P. Morriss
D. Paul Jones, Jr. and Charlene Angelich Jones Chairholder of Law   at   University of Alabama School of Law
Congress.gov Quorums  
Regarding: Article I, Section 5, clause 1
Heritage.org   Ratification Clause
Regarding: Article VII
Charles R. Kesler
Dengler-Dykema Distinguished Professor of Government, Senior Fellow, The Claremont Institute   at   Claremont McKenna College
ConstitutionCenter.org Reading the First Amendment as a Whole  
Burt Neuborne
Norman Dorsen Professor of Civil Liberties and founding Legal Director of the Brennan Center for Justice   at   New York University Law School
ConstitutionCenter.org Reasonable Right to Bear Arms  
Adam Winkler
Professor of Law   at   University of California Los Angeles Law School
Heritage.org   Recess Appointments Clause
Regarding:  Article II, Section 2, Clause 3,
Michael A. Carrier
Professor of Law   at   Rutgers University School of Law, Camden
Congress.gov Recess Appointments of Article III Judges  
Regarding: Article II, Section 2, clause 3
Top
Congress.gov Recess Appointments Power: Overview  
Regarding: Article II, Section 2, clause 3
Heritage.org   Recommendations Clause
Regarding:  Article II, Section 3, Phrase 2
James Pfiffner
Professor of Public Policy   at   George Mason University
Heritage.org   Reexamination Clause
Regarding: Amendment VII, phrase 2
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
ConstitutionCenter.org Religious Liberty Is Equal Liberty  
Michael McConnell
Richard and Frances Mallery Professor and Director of the Constitutional Law Cente   at   Stanford Law School; Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution
Heritage.org   Religious Test
Regarding: Article VI, clause 3, phrase 2
Gerard Bailey
Professor of Law   at   Notre Dame Law School
Congress.gov Removing Officers: Doctrine During 1930s  
Regarding: Article II, Section 2, clause 2, sentence 2, phrase 2
Congress.gov Reopening Final Judicial Decisions  
Regarding: Article III, Section 1
Heritage.org   Repeal of Prohibition
Regarding: Amendment XXI, Section 1
David Wagner
Professor of Law   at   Regent University School of Law
Congress.gov Representational Standing: Associational Standing  
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
Congress.gov Representational Standing: Overview  
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
Top
Congress.gov Representational Standing: States and Parens Patraie  
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
Congress.gov Reprosecution After Acquittal  
Regarding: Amendment V, phrase 3
Congress.gov Reprosecution After Mistrial  
Congress.gov Reprosecution Following Conviction  
Regarding: Amendment V, phrase 3
Congress.gov Requirement of Oath or Affirmation  
Regarding: Article I, Section 3, clause 6
Congress.gov Requirements of Miranda  
Regarding: Amendment V, phrase 4
Heritage.org   Reserved Powers of the States
Regarding: Amendment X,
Herman Belz
Professor Emeritus of History   at   University of Maryland
Congress.gov Restriction on State Bankruptcy Power  
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 8
Congress.gov Restrictions on the Slave Trade  
Regarding: Article I, Section 9, clause 1
Congress.gov Retroactivity of Supreme Court Decisions  
Regarding: Article III, Section 1
Top
Congress.gov Right of Choice of Counsel  
Regarding: Amendment VI, phrase 7
Congress.gov Right of Effective Assistance of Counsel  
Regarding: Amendment VI, phrase 7
Congress.gov Right to a Local Jury: Doctrine and Practice  
Regarding: Amendment VI, phrase 3
Congress.gov Right to a Local Jury: Historical Background  
Regarding: Amendment VI, phrase 3
Congress.gov Right to a Public Trial: Historical Background  
Regarding: Amendment VI, phrase 2
Congress.gov Right to a Speedy Trial: Historical Background  
Regarding: Amendment VI, phrase 1
Congress.gov Right to an Impartial Jury: Current Doctrine  
Regarding: Amendment VI, phrase 3
ConstitutionCenter.org Right to Assemble and Petition  
John Inazu
Sally D. Danforth Distinguished Professor of Law and Religion   at   Washington University in St. Louis School of Law
and
Burt Neuborne
Norman Dorsen Professor of Civil Liberties and founding Legal Director of the Brennan Center for Justice   at   Washington University in St. Louis School of Law
Congress.gov Right to Compulsory Process: Doctrine and Practice  
Regarding: Amendment VI, phrase 8
Congress.gov Right to Confront Adverse Witnesses: Current Doctrine  
Regarding: Amendment VI, phrase 5
Top
Congress.gov Right to Confront Adverse Witnesses: Doctrine from 1960s to 1990s  
Regarding: Amendment VI, phrase 5
Congress.gov Right to Confront Adverse Witnesses: Early Doctrine  
Regarding: Amendment VI, phrase 5
Congress.gov Right to Counsel: Historical Background  
Regarding: Amendment VI, phrase 7
Congress.gov Right to Due Process: Historical Background  
Regarding: Amendment V, phrase 5
Congress.gov Right to Have Counsel Appointed: Current Doctrine  
Regarding: Amendment VI, phrase 7
Congress.gov Right to Have Counsel Appointed: Early Doctrine  
Regarding: Amendment VI, phrase 7
Heritage.org   Right to Jury in Civil Cases
Regarding: Amendment VII, phrase 1
Eric Grant
Senior Counsel Certified Specialist in Appellate Law   at   Hicks Thomas LLP
Congress.gov Right to Notice of Accusation: Doctrine and Practice  
Regarding: Amendment VI, phrase 4
Congress.gov Right to Trial by Jury: Scope of the Right  
Regarding: Amendment VI, phrase 3
Heritage.org   Right-to-Counsel Clause
Regarding: Amendment VI, phrase 6
Donald A. Dripps
Professor of Law   at   University of San Diego School of Law
Top
Heritage.org   Rights Retained by the People
Regarding: Amendment IX
Thomas B. McAffee
William S. Boyd Professor of Law   at   University of Nevada, Las Vegas, William S. Boyd School of Law
Congress.gov Ripeness Doctrine: Overview  
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 1, phrase 1
Congress.gov Role of Congress in Regulating Federal Elections  
Regarding: Article I, Section 4, clause 1
Congress.gov Role of the States in Regulating Federal Elections  
Regarding: Article I, Section 4, clause 1
ConstitutionCenter.org Role of The Twenty-Fourth Amendment in Challenging Financial Burdens on the Right to Vote  
Deborah N. Archer
Professor Law and Director of the Racial Justice Project   at   New York University Law School
Congress.gov Rule of Proceedings  
Regarding: Article I, Section 5, clause 2
Heritage.org Rules and Expulsion Clause
Regarding: Article I, Section 5, clause 2
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
Congress.gov Rules of Justiciability and the Case or Controversy Requirement: Adversity Requirement  
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
Congress.gov Rules of Justiciability and the Case or Controversy Requirement: Adversity Requirement  
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
Congress.gov Rules of Justiciability and the Case or Controversy Requirement: Advisory Opinions  
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
Top
Congress.gov Rules of Justiciability and the Case or Controversy Requirement: Overview  
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
Congress.gov Scope of Federal Bankruptcy Power  
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 8
Congress.gov Scope of the Double Jeopardy Clause  
ConstitutionCenter.org Scope of the Impeachment Power: What are "High Crimes and Misdemeanors"?  
Neil J. Kinkopf
Professor of Law   at   Georgia State University College of Law
Congress.gov Scope of the Pardon Power  
Regarding: Article II, Section 2, clause 1, phrase 4
Congress.gov Scope of the Right to a Speedy Trial  
Regarding: Amendment VI, phrase 1
ConstitutionCenter.org Scope of the Suspension Clause  
Amy Barrett
Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit
Heritage.org   Searches and Seizures
Regarding: Amendment IV, phrase 1
Gerard V. Bradley
Professor of Law   at   Notre Dame Law School
ConstitutionCenter.org Second Amendment  
Nelson Lund
Patrick Henry Professor of Constitutional Law and the Second Amendment   at   George Mason University School of Law
and
Adam Winkler
Professor of Law   at   George Mason University School of Law
Congress.gov Second Amendment: Doctrine and Practice  
Regarding: Amendment II
Top
Heritage.org   Self-Incrimination
Regarding: Amendment V, phrase 4
Donald A. Dripps
Professor of Law   at   University of San Diego School of Law
Congress.gov Self-Incrimination and the Concept of Immunity  
Regarding: Amendment V, phrase 4
Congress.gov Senate Practices in Impeachment  
Regarding: Article I, Section 3, clause 6
Heritage.org Senatorial Classes and Vacancies Clause
Regarding: Article I, Section 3, clause 2
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
ConstitutionCenter.org Seventeenth Amendment  
David N Schleicher
Professor of Law   at   Yale University Law School
and
Todd Zywicki
Foundation Professor of Law   at   Yale University Law School
ConstitutionCenter.org Seventh Amendment  
Renée Lettow Lerner
Donald Phillip Rothschild Research Professor of Law   at   George Washington University Law School
and
Suja A. Thomas
Peer and Sarah Pedersen Professor of Law   at   George Washington University Law School
ConstitutionCenter.org Significance of “Executive Power”  
Sai Prakash
David Lurton Massee, Jr., Professor of Law   at   University of Virginia School of Law
Heritage.org   Sinecure Clause
Regarding: Article I, Section 6, clause 2, sentence 1, phrase 1
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
ConstitutionCenter.org Sixteenth Amendment  
Joseph R. and William E. Fishkin and Forthbath
Joseph R. Fishkin is Marrs McLean Professor in Law. William E. Forbath, Lloyd M. Bentsen is Chair in Law and Associate Dean for Research   at   University of Texas School of Law
and
Erik M. Jensen
David L. Brennan Professor of Law   at   University of Texas School of Law
ConstitutionCenter.org Sixth Amendment  
Stephanos Bibas
United States Circuit Judge   at   United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit
and
Jeffrey L. Fisher
Professor of Law and Co-Director of the Supreme Court Litigation Clinic   at   United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit
Top
Congress.gov Sixth Amendment: Overview  
Regarding: Amendment VI
Heritage.org   Slave Trade
Regarding: Article I, Section 9, clause 1
Matthew Spalding
Vice President, American Studies, Director, B. Kenneth Simon Center for Principles and Politics   at   The Heritage Foundation
Heritage.org   Speaker of the House
Regarding: Article I, Section 2, clause 5, phrase 1
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
Congress.gov Special Mootness Rules in the Class Action Litigation Context  
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
Heritage.org   Speech and Debate Clause
Regarding: Article I, Section 6, clause 1, sentence 2, phrase 2
James L. Buckley
Senior Judge Senior Judge, United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit   at   United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit
Congress.gov Speech and Debate Privilege  
Regarding: Article I, Section 6, clause 1, sentence 2, phrase 1
Heritage.org   Speedy Trial Clause
Regarding: Amendment VI, phrase 1
George Thomas
Board of Governors Professor of Law, Judge Alexander P. Waugh, Sr. Distinguished Scholar   at   Rutgers School of Law, Newark
Heritage.org   Spending Clause
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 1
John C. Eastman
Henry Salvatori Professor of Law   at   Chapman University School of Law
Congress.gov Spending Power  
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 1
Heritage.org   Standards for Impechment
Regarding:  Article II, Section 4,
Stephen B. Presser
Sullivan   at   Northwestern University School of Law
Top
Congress.gov Standing Requirement: Current Doctrine  
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
Congress.gov Standing Requirement: Overview  
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
Congress.gov Standing Requirement: Prudential Standing  
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
Congress.gov Standing Requirement: Standing of Federal and State Legislators  
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
Congress.gov Standing Requirement: Taxpayer Standing  
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
Heritage.org   State Action
Regarding: Amendment XIV, Section 1, sentence 2, phrase 1
Patrick J. Kelley
Southern Illinois University School of Law   at   Professor of Law
Heritage.org   State Bill of Attainder and State Ex Post Facto
Regarding: Article I, Section 10, clause 1, phrase 3
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
Congress.gov State Bills of Attainder  
Regarding: Article I, Section 10, clause 1
Heritage.org   State Coinage
Regarding: Article I, Section 10, clause 1, phrase 2
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
Congress.gov State Court Enforcement of Federal Law  
Regarding: Article III, Section 1
Top
Congress.gov State Court Interference With Federal Jurisdiction  
Regarding: Article III, Section 1
Congress.gov State Discretion in Choosing Electors  
Regarding: Article II, Section 1, clause 2
Heritage.org   State of the Union
Regarding:  Article II, Section 3, Phrase 1
Matthew Spalding
Vice President, American Studies, Director, B. Kenneth Simon Center for Principles and Politics   at   The Heritage Foundation
Congress.gov State Power Affecting Patents and Copyrights  
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 13
Congress.gov State Taxation and the Dormant Commerce Clause  
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, plause 3
Heritage.org   State Title of Nobility
Regarding: Article I, Section 10, clause 1, phrase 5
Robert J. Delahunty
Associate Professor of Law   at   University of St. Thomas School of Law
Heritage.org   State Treaties
Regarding: Article I, Section 10, clause 1, phrase 1
Brannon P. Denning
Cumberland School of Law, Samford University   at   Professor of Law
Congress.gov States and Coining of Money and Issuing Bills of Credit: Overview  
Regarding: Article I, Section 10, clause 1
ConstitutionCenter.org States and Congress as Constitutional Interpreters  
Bradley Smith
Josiah H. Blackmore II/Shirley M. Nault Designated Professor of Law   at   Capital University Law School
Congress.gov States and Duty of Tonnage  
Regarding: Article I, Section 10, clause 3
Top
Congress.gov States and Military Affairs  
Regarding: Article I, Section 10, Clause 2
Congress.gov States Engaging in Foreign Policy  
Regarding: Article I, Section 10, clause 1
ConstitutionCenter.org Substantive Due Process: Text, History, Experience  
Nathan S. Chapman
Associate Professor of Law   at   Univeristy of Georgia School of Law
Heritage.org   Suffrage - Race
Regarding: Amendment XV, Section 1
Earl Maltz
Distinguished Professor of Law   at   Rutgers University School of Law, Camden
Heritage.org   Suffrage - Sex
Regarding: Amendment XIX, clause 1
Tiffany Jones Miller
Associate Professor of Politics   at   University of Dallas
Heritage.org   Supremacy Clause
Regarding: Article VI, clause 2
Gary Lawson
Philip S. Beck Professor of Law,   at   Boston University School of Law
ConstitutionCenter.org Supremacy Clause  
Caleb Nelson
Emerson G. Spies Distinguished Professor of Law   at   University of Virginia School of Law
and
Kermit Roosevelt
Professor of Law   at   University of Virginia School of Law
Congress.gov Supremacy Clause: Current Doctrine  
Congress.gov Supremacy Clause: Early Doctrine  
Regarding: Article VI, clause 2
Heritage.org   Supreme Court
Regarding: Article III, Section 1, sentence 1, phrase 2
Bradley C. S. Watson
Philip M. McKenna Chair in American and Western Political Thought, Chairperson of the Department of Politics, Co-Executive Director of the Center for Political and Economic Thought   at   Saint Vincent College
Top
Congress.gov Supreme Court Review of State Court Decisions  
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 2, sentence 2
ConstitutionCenter.org Suspension Clause  
Amy Barrett
Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit
and
Neal Katyal
Paul and Patricia Saunders Professor of National Security Law
ConstitutionCenter.org Suspension Clause - A View  
Neal Katyal
Paul and Patricia Saunders Professor of National Security Law   at   Georgetown University Law Center
Heritage.org   Suspension of Habeas Corpus
Regarding: Article I, Section 9, clause 2, phrase 1
Jonathan Turley
J.B. and Maurice C. Shapiro Professor of Public Interest Law,Director, Environmental Law Advocacy Center, Executive Director, Project for Older Prisoners   at   The George Washington University Law School
Heritage.org   Take Care Clause
Regarding:  Article II, Section 3, Phrase 5
Sai Prakash
David Lurton Massee, Jr., Professor of Law   at   University of Virginia School of Law
Heritage.org   Takings Clause
Regarding: Amendment V, phrase 6
Douglas W. Kmiec
Professor of Constitutional Law Caruso Family Chair in Constitutional Law   at   Pepperdine University School of Law
Congress.gov Taxing Power  
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 1
ConstitutionCenter.org Tenth Amendment  
Gary Lawson
Philip S. Beck Professor of Law,   at   Boston University School of Law
and
Robert Schapiro
Asa Griggs Candler Professor of Law and Co-Director of Emory Law’s Center on Federalism and Intersystemic Governance   at   Boston University School of Law
ConstitutionCenter.org Tenth Amendment: A Truism With Teeth  
Gary Lawson
Philip S. Beck Professor of Law,   at   Boston University School of Law
ConstitutionCenter.org Term Limits, Constitutional and Natural  
James L. Buckley
Senior Judge Senior Judge, United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit   at   United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit
Top
ConstitutionCenter.org The day the Constitution was ratified

ConstitutionCenter.org The Eighth Amendment  
Bryan A. Stevenson
Professor of Clinical Law   at   New York University School of Law, and Executive Director, Equal Justice Initiative
and
John F. Stinneford
Professor of Law and Assistant Director, Criminal Justice Center   at   New York University School of Law, and Executive Director, Equal Justice Initiative
WashingtonPost.com The Electoral College is an Excellent System
George Will
Columnist
WSJ.com The Electoral College Is Anything But Outdated
Larry Arnn
President   at   Hillsdale College
ConstitutionCenter.org The Equal Protection Clause  
Brian T. Fitzpatrick
Professor of Law   at   Vanderbilt Law School
and
Theodore M. Shaw
Julius L. Chambers Distinguished Professor of Law and Director of the Center for Civil Rights   at   Vanderbilt Law School
ConstitutionCenter.org The Establishment Clause  
Marci A. Hamilton
CEO and Academic Director at CHILD USA; Fox Family Pavilion Distinguished Scholar in the Fox Leadership Program   at   University of Pennsylvania
and
Michael McConnell
Richard and Frances Mallery Professor and Director of the Constitutional Law Cente   at   University of Pennsylvania
Forbes.com The Few Words On Money In The Constitution Say More Than We Know
Brian Domitrovic
Richard S. Strong Scholar   at   Laffer Center
Congress.gov The History of the Doctrine of Nondelegability  
Regarding: Article I, Section 1
ConstitutionCenter.org The Nation and the States  
Kermit Roosevelt
Professor of Law   at   University of Pennsylvania Law Schoo
Congress.gov The Nature and Scope of Permissible Delegations  
Regarding: Article I, Section 1
Top
Congress.gov The Necessary and Proper Clause Doctrine: Early Doctrine and McCulloch v. Maryland  
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, clause 26
Congress.gov The Necessary and Proper Clause Doctrine: Modern Doctrine (Twentieth Century to Present)  
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 26
Congress.gov The Necessary and Proper Clause Doctrine: Post-McCulloch Nineteenth Century Doctrinal Development  
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 26
Congress.gov The Necessary and Proper Clause Doctrine: The Meaning of Proper  
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 26
Congress.gov The Necessary and Proper Clause: Historical Background  
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 26
Congress.gov The Necessary and Proper Clause: Overview  
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 26
TheAtlantic.com The Path to Give California 12 Senators, and Vermont Just One
Eric W. Orts
Professor   at   Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania
Congress.gov The Power of Impeachment: Doctrine and Practice  
Regarding: Article I, Section 2, clause 5, phrase 2
Congress.gov The Power of Impeachment: Historical Background  
Regarding: Article I, Section 2, clause 5, phrase 2
Congress.gov The Power of Impeachment: Overview  
Regarding: Article I, Section 2, clause 5, phrase 2
Top
Congress.gov The Power to Try Impeachments: Historical Background  
Regarding: Article I, Section 3, clause 6
Congress.gov The Power to Try Impeachments: Overview  
Regarding: Article I, Section 2, clause 5, phrase 1
Congress.gov The Power to Try Impeachments: Overview  
Regarding: Article I, Section 3, clause 6
Congress.gov The Religion Clauses: Historical Background  
Regarding: First Amendment
Heritage.org The Senate
Regarding: Article I, Section 3, clause 1
Ralph Rossum
Salvatori Professor of Political Philosophy   at   Claremont McKenna College
ConstitutionCenter.org The Senate  


and
Michael J. Gerhardt
Burton Craige Distinguished Professor of Jurisprudence
Congress.gov The Senate: Overview  
Regarding: Article I, Section 3, clause 2
Congress.gov The Treaty Making Power  
Regarding: Article II, Section 2, clause 2, phrase 1
ConstitutionCenter.org The Twenty-Third Amendment and the Privileged Status of the District of Columbia  
John Baker
Professor Emeritus, Distinguished Scholar in Residence, Catholic University Columbus School of Law   at   Louisiana State University, Paul M. Hebert Law Center
ConstitutionCenter.org Third Amendment  
Gordon S. Wood
Alva O. Way University Professor and Professor of History Emeritus   at   Brown University
Top
Congress.gov Third Amendment: In General  
ConstitutionCenter.org Thirteenth Amendment  
Jamal Greene
Dwight Professor of Law   at   Columbia Law School
and
Jennifer Mason McAward
Associate Professor of Law and Director of Klau Center for Civil and Human Rights   at   Columbia Law School
ConstitutionCenter.org Thirteenth Amendment and the Constitutional Imagination  
Jamal Greene
Dwight Professor of Law   at   Columbia Law School
ConstitutionCenter.org Thirteenth Amendment: A Constitutional Success Story  
Jennifer Mason McAward
Associate Professor of Law and Director of Klau Center for Civil and Human Rights   at   University of Notre Dame Law School
Heritage.org   Three-fifths Clause
Regarding: Article I, Section 2, clause 3, sentence 1
David L. Brennan
Case Western Reserve University Law School   at   Professor of Law
Heritage.org   To Keep and Bear Arms
Regarding: Amendment II
Nelson Lund
Patrick Henry Professor of Constitutional Law and the Second Amendment   at   George Mason University School of Law
Congress.gov Trade-Marks and Advertisements  
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 13
Heritage.org   Treason
Regarding: Article III, Section 3, clause 1
Bradley C. S. Watson
Philip M. McKenna Chair in American and Western Political Thought, Chairperson of the Department of Politics, Co-Executive Director of the Center for Political and Economic Thought   at   Saint Vincent College
ConstitutionCenter.org Treason by Any Other Name  
Deborah Pearlstein
Professor of Law and Co-Director of the Floersheimer Center for Constitutional Democracy   at   Yeshiva Univeristy Cardozo Law School
ConstitutionCenter.org Treason Clause  
Paul T. Crane
;Criminal Division, Appellate Section   at   U.S. Department of Justice
and
Deborah Pearlstein
Professor of Law and Co-Director of the Floersheimer Center for Constitutional Democracy   at   U.S. Department of Justice
Top
Congress.gov Treason Clause: Doctrine and Practice  
Regarding: Article III, Section 3, Clause 1:
Congress.gov Treason Clause: Historical Background  
Regarding: Article III, Section 3, clause 1
Heritage.org   Treaties
Regarding: Article III, Section 2, clause 1, phrase 2
Dennis W. Arrow
Professor of Law, Associate Director, Native American Legal Resource Center, Associate Director, Center for the Study of State Constitutional Law and Government   at   Oklahoma City University School of Law
Heritage.org   Treaty Clause
Regarding:  Article II, Section 2, Clause 2, Phrase 1
Michael D. Ramsey
Professor of Law   at   University of San Diego School of Law
Heritage.org   Trial of Impeachment
Regarding: Article I, Section 3, clause 6
Michael J. Gerhardt
Burton Craige Distinguished Professor of Jurisprudence   at   University of North Carolina School of Law
ConstitutionCenter.org Twelfth Amendment  
Sanford Levinson
W. St. John Garwood and W. St. John Garwood, Jr. Centennial Chair in Law, University of Texas Law School, and Professor of Government   at   University of Texas
ConstitutionCenter.org Twentieth Amendment  
Edward J. Larson
University Professor, Hugh   at   Pepperdine University School of Law
and
Jeff Shesol
Co-Founder and Partner at West Wing Writers; Author and Journalist   at   Pepperdine University School of Law
ConstitutionCenter.org Twenty-Fifth Amendment  
Brian C. Kalt
Professor of Law and The Harold Norris Faculty Scholar   at   Michigan State University
and
David Pozen
Professor of Law   at   Michigan State University
ConstitutionCenter.org Twenty-First Amendment  
Robert P. George
McCormick Professor of Jurisprudence and Director of the James Madison Program in American Ideals and Institutions   at   Princeton University
and
David A. J. Richards
Edwin D. Webb Professor of Law   at   Princeton University
ConstitutionCenter.org Twenty-Fourth Amendment  
Deborah N. Archer
Professor Law and Director of the Racial Justice Project   at   New York University Law School
and
Derek T. Muller
Professor of Law   at   New York University Law School
Top
ConstitutionCenter.org Twenty-Second Amendment  
James L. Buckley
Senior Judge Senior Judge, United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit   at   United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit
and
Gillian Metzger
Stanley H. Fuld Professor of Law   at   United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit
ConstitutionCenter.org Twenty-Second Amendment: Let It Be  
Gillian Metzger
Stanley H. Fuld Professor of Law   at   Columbia Law School
ConstitutionCenter.org Twenty-Seventh Amendment  
Steven G. Calabresi
Clayton J. and Henry R. Barber Professor of Law   at   Pritzker School of Law Northwestern University
and
Zephyr Teachout
Associate Law Professor   at   Pritzker School of Law Northwestern University
ConstitutionCenter.org Twenty-Sixth Amendment  
Jocelyn Benson
Secretary of State   at   State of Michigan
and
Michael T. Morley
Assistant Professor of Law   at   State of Michigan
ConstitutionCenter.org Twenty-Sixth Amendment and Congressional Authority  
Jocelyn Benson
Secretary of State   at   State of Michigan
ConstitutionCenter.org Twenty-Sixth Amendment and Domicile  
Michael T. Morley
Assistant Professor of Law   at   Florida State University College of Law
ConstitutionCenter.org Twenty-Third Amendment  
John Baker
Professor Emeritus, Distinguished Scholar in Residence, Catholic University Columbus School of Law   at   Louisiana State University, Paul M. Hebert Law Center
and
Aderson Bellegarde Francois
Institute for Public Representation Civil Rights Law Clinic and Professor of Law]   at   Louisiana State University, Paul M. Hebert Law Center
ConstitutionCenter.org Twenty-Third Amendment and The District of Columbia: Still a Lesser Class of Citizenship  
Aderson Bellegarde Francois
Institute for Public Representation Civil Rights Law Clinic and Professor of Law]   at   Georgetown University Law Center
ConstitutionCenter.org Unfinished Work of the Equal Protection Clause  
Theodore M. Shaw
Julius L. Chambers Distinguished Professor of Law and Director of the Center for Civil Rights   at   University of North Carolina School of Law
Heritage.org Uniformity Clause
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 2
Nelson Lund
Patrick Henry Professor of Constitutional Law and the Second Amendment   at   George Mason University School of Law
Top
ConstitutionCenter.org Unusual, Imperfect, Excellent Twenty-Fifth Amendment  
Brian C. Kalt
Professor of Law and The Harold Norris Faculty Scholar   at   Michigan State University
and
Brian C. Kalt
Professor of Law and The Harold Norris Faculty Scholar   at   Michigan State University
Heritage.org   Vacancies in the Senate
Regarding: Amendment XVII, clause 2
Todd Zywicki
Foundation Professor of Law   at   George Mason University School of Law
ConstitutionCenter.org Vesting Clause  
Sai Prakash
David Lurton Massee, Jr., Professor of Law   at   University of Virginia School of Law
and
Christopher H. Schroeder Schroeder
Charles S. Murphy Professor of Law and Public Policy Studies   at   University of Virginia School of Law
Heritage.org   Vice President
Regarding: Article II, Section 1, clause 1, sentence 2, phrase 2
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
Heritage.org   Vice President as Presiding Officer
Regarding:  Article I, Section 3, Clause 4,
Peter W. Schramm
Professor of Political Science, Executive Director, John M. Ashbrook Center for Public Affairs   at   Ashland University
Heritage.org   Warrant Clause
Regarding: Amendment IV, phrase 2
William J Stuntz
Professor of Law   at   Harvard Law School
Heritage.org Weights and Measures
Regarding: Article I, Section 8, phrase 10
Gerard Bailey
Professor of Law   at   Notre Dame Law School
Congress.gov What Process is "Due" when a Deprivation Occurs: Pre-Modern Doctrine  
Regarding: Amendment V, phrase 5
ConstitutionCenter.org What the Fourteenth and Nineteenth Amendments Changed for Women  
Nancy Gertner
Senior Lecturer on Law   at   Harvard Law School
ConstitutionCenter.org What the Fourth Amendment Fundamentally Requires  
Barry Friedman
Jacob D. Fuchsberg Professor of Law and Affiliated Professor of Politics, Director of the Policing Project   at   New York Univeristy
Top
ConstitutionCenter.org What We Should Have Learned (But Did Not) From the Failure of the Noble Experiment  
David A. J. Richards
Edwin D. Webb Professor of Law   at   New York University School of Law
WSJ.com Whatever Happened to 'We the People'?
Adam Carrington
Assistant Professor   at   Hillsdale College
Congress.gov When the Right to a Jury Trial Applies: Current Doctrine  
Regarding: Amendment VI, phrase 3
Congress.gov When the Right to a Speedy Trial Applies  
Regarding: Amendment VI, phrase 1
Congress.gov When the Right to Counsel Applies  
Regarding: Amwndment VI, phrase 7
ThoughtCo.com Why Bush and Lincoln Both Suspended Habeas Corpus

ConstitutionCenter.org Why Federalism Matters  
Randy E. Barnett
Carmack Waterhouse Professor of Legal Theory   at   Georgetown University Law Center
ConstitutionCenter.org Why Nine Meant Thirteen  
Mark A. Graber
Regents Professor   at   University of Maryland Carey School of Law
Trussel.com Why the Fifth Amendment
Howard Fast
Novelist and television writer
Congress.gov Withdrawl of Government Benefits  
Regarding: Amendment V, phrase 4
Top
Congress.gov Writ of Habeas Corpus and the Suspension Clause  
Regarding: Article I, Section 9, clause 3, phrase 1


-C-80% BorderOnX=Off