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1919 Abrams v. United States
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1923 Adkins v. Children's Hospital
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1833 Barron v. Baltimore
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2001 Board of Trustees of the University of Alabama v. Garrett
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1954 Bolling v. Sharpe
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1873 Bradwell v. Illinois
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1873 Bradwell v. Illinois
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1954 Brown v. Board of Education
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2011 Brown v. Entertainment Merchants Association
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1917 Buchanan v. Warley
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1927 Buck v. Bell
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1976 Buckley v. Valeo
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2014 Burwell v. Hobby Lobby Stores
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1903 Champion v. Ames
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1793 Chisholm v. Georgia
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1993 Church of the Lukumi Babalu Aye v. City of Hialeah
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2010 Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission
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1997 City of Boerne v. Flores
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1985 City of Cleburne v. Cleburne Living Center, Inc.
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1958 Cooper v. Aaron
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1976 Craig v. Boren
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1919 Debs v. United States
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2008 District of Columbia v. Heller
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1857 Dred Scott v. Sandford
Dred Scott, a slave, was purchased in Missouri and then brought to Illinois, a non-slave state. He later moved with his owner to present-day Minnesota, where slavery was prohibited, and then back to Missouri. When his owner died, Scott sued claiming he was no longer enslaved because he had become free after living in a free state. The Supreme Court decided that Scott was not a “citizen of the state” so it had no jurisdiction in the matter. The majority opinion also stated that Scott was not a free man.
Wikipedia Oyez Video: C-SPAN series Landmark Cases: Dred Scott v. Sandford Google
 
1990 Employment Division v. Smith
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1861 Ex parte Merryman
Suspension of Habeas Corpus by Executive Order During the Civil war by Abraham Lincoln
At the outset of the Civil War (War of the Rebellion) President Abraham Lincoln unilaterally suspended Habeas Corpus. Chief Justice Roger Taney acting as Circuit Court Judge granted a Writ of Habeas Corpus. Note: Not a Supreme Court case.
Wikipedia Oyez ConLaw.us New York Times: June 1, 1861 : THE MERRYMAN CASE. National Constitution Center: May 28, 2021 Archives of Maryland: John Merryman Google
 
2013 Fisher v. University of Texas I
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2016 Fisher v. University of Texas II
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1973 Frontiero v. Richardson
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1824 Gibbons v Ogden
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1925 Gitlow v. People of the State of New York
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2005 Gonzales v. Raich
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2003 Gratz v. Bollinger
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1965 Griswold v. Connecticut
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2003 Grutter v. Bollinger
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1918 Hammer v. Dagenhart
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1890 Hans v. State of Louisiana
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1964 Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States
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1870 Hepburn v. Griswold
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1905 Jacobson v. Massachusetts
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1964 Katzenbach v. McClung
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2005 Kelo v. City of New London
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1871 Knox v. Lee
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1944 Korematsu v. United States
Upheld the exclusion of Japanese Americans from the West Coast Military Area during World War II.
The Court held that the need to protect against espionage by Japan outweighed the rights of Americans of Japanese descent.
Wikipedia Justia Oyez USCourts.gov: Facts and Case Summary Video: C-SPAN series Landmark Cases FamousTrials.com Video Annenbergclassroom.org Google
 
2003 Lawrence v. Texas
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1905 Lochner v. New York
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1967 Loving v. Virginia
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1803 Marbury v. Madison
Established the doctrine of judicial review, the power of the federal courts to declare legislative and executive acts unconstitutional.
In the Judiciary Act of 1789, Congress gave the Supreme Court the authority to issue certain judicial writs. The Constitution did not give the Court this power. Because the Constitution is the Supreme Law of the Land, the Court held that any contradictory congressional Act is without force. The ability of federal courts to declare legislative and executive actions unconstitutional is known as judicial review.
Wikipedia Oyez Video: C-SPAN series Landmark Cases: Marbury v. Madison History.com August 20, 2021 Marbury v. Madison U.S. Reports: Marbury v. Madison, 5 U.S. (1 Cranch) 137 (1803) Google
 
2003 McConnell v. Federal Election Commission
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2005 McCreary County v. ACLU of Kentucky
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1819 McCulloch v. Maryland
The Constitution gives the federal government certain implied powers.
government's ability to grant charters without explicit constitutional sanction. The Supreme Court held that the tax unconstitutionally interfered with federal supremacy and ruled that the Constitution gives the federal government certain implied powers.
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2010 McDonald v. City of Chicago
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1923 Meyer v. Nebraska
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1966 Miranda v. Arizona
Police must inform suspects of their rights before questioning.
After hours of police interrogations, Ernesto Miranda confessed to rape and kidnapping. At trial, he sought to suppress his confession, stating that he was not advised of his rights to counsel and to remain silent. The Supreme Court agreed, holding that police must inform suspects of their rights before questioning.
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1988 Morrison v. Olson
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1908 Muller v. Oregon
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1934 Nebbia v. New York
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2003 Nevada Department of Human Resources v. Hibbs
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1964 New York Times Company v. Sullivan
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1992 New York v. United States
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2012 NFIB v. Sebelius
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1937 NLRB v. Jones & Laughlin Steel Corp
This Public Headline Default
This Public Note Default
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2014 NLRB v. Noel Canning
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1931 O'Gorman & Young, Inc. v Hartford Fire Insurance Company
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2015 Obergefell v. Hodges
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1978 Penn Central Transportation Company v. New York
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1922 Pennsylvania Coal Company v. Mahon
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1925 Pierce v. Society of Sisters
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1992 Planned Parenthood v. Casey
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1896 Plessy v. Ferguson
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1832 Prigg v. Pennsylvania
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1997 Printz v. United States
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1992 R.A.V. v. City of St. Paul
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1978 Regents of University of California v. Bakke
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1973 Roe v. Wade
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1996 Romer v. Evans
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1919 Schenck v. United States
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1935 Schlecter Poultry Corp. v. United States
Schlecter Poultry Default HL
Schlecter Poultry Default Pub Note
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1996 Seminole Tribe of Florida v. Florida
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1963 Sherbert v. Verner
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2011 Snyder v. Phelps
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1997 South Dakota v. Dole
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1880 Strauder v. West Virginia
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1931 Stromberg v. California
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1989 Texas v. Johnson
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1883 The Civil Rights Cases
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1873 The Slaughter-House Cases
Wikipedia Video: C-SPAN series Landmark Cases: The Slaughterhouse Cases Google
 
1974 U.S. v. Nixon
Limits of Executive Privilege
The special prosecutor in the Watergate affair subpoenaed audio tapes of Oval Office conversations. President Nixon refused to turn over the tapes, asserting executive privilege. The Supreme Court ruled that the defendants' right to potentially exculpating evidence outweighed the President's right to executive privilege if national security was not compromised.
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1938 United States v. Carolene Products
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1875 United States v. Cruikshank
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1941 United States v. Darby
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1869 United States v. Dewitt
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1895 United States v. E.C. Knight Co.
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1997 United States v. Flores
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1995 United States v. Lopez
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2000 United States v. Morrison
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1968 United States v. O'Brien
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2010 United States v. Stevens
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1996 United States v. Virginia
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2013 United States v. Windsor
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2005 Van Orden v. Perry
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1937 West Coast Hotel v. Parrish
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2016 Whole Woman's Health v. Hellerstedt
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1942 Wickard v. Filburn
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1955 Williamson v. Lee Optical
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1886 Yick Wo v. Hopkins
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1952 Youngstown Sheet & Tube Company v. Sawyer
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