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Congress.gov: Amdt6.2.1.2.1 When the Right to a Speedy Trial Applies
Re: Amendment VI, phrase 1
Congress.gov:
Re: Article III, Section 1
  Heritage.org: Abolition of Slavery
Re: Amendment XIII, Section 1
Herman Belz
Professor Emeritus of History   at   University of Maryland
Heritage.org: Adjournment
Re: Article I, Section 5, clause 4
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
  Heritage.org: Admiralty
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 1, phrase 4
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
  Heritage.org: Allocation of Representatives
Re: Article I, Section 2, clause 3, sentence 2
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
  Heritage.org: Ambassadors
Re:  Article II, Section 3, Phrase 4
Matthew Franck
Director, William E. and Carol G. Simon Center on Religion and the Constitution   at   Witherspoon Institute
Congress.gov: Amdt1.1.1 The Religion Clauses: Historical Background
Re: First Amendment
Congress.gov: Amdt2.1 Second Amendment: Doctrine and Practice
Re: Amendment II
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Congress.gov: Amdt3.1 Third Amendment: In General
Congress.gov: Amdt4.1 Fourth Amendment: Historical Background
Re: Amendment IV
Congress.gov: Amdt5.1.1.1 Grand Jury Clause: Historical Background
Congress.gov: Amdt5.1.1.2 Grand Jury Clause: Doctrine and Practice
Congress.gov: Amdt5.1.2 Military Exception to the Grand Jury Clause
Re: Amendment V, phrase 2
Congress.gov: Amdt5.2.1.1 Double Jeopardy Clause: Historical Background
Re: Amendment V, phrase 3
Congress.gov: Amdt5.2.1.2.1 Scope of the Double Jeopardy Clause
Congress.gov: Amdt5.2.1.2.3.1 Reprosecution After Mistrial
Congress.gov: Amdt5.2.1.2.3.2 Reprosecution After Acquittal
Re: Amendment V, phrase 3
Congress.gov: Amdt5.2.1.2.3.3 Reprosecution Following Conviction
Re: Amendment V, phrase 3
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Congress.gov: Amdt5.2.1.2.4 Imposition of Multiple Punishments for the Same Offense
Re: Amendment V
Congress.gov: Amdt5.3.1.1 General Protections Against Self-Incrimination: Historical Background
Re: Amendment V, phrase 4
Congress.gov: Amdt5.3.1.2 General Protections Against Self-Incrimination: Doctrine and Practice
Congress.gov: Amdt5.3.1.3.1 Self-Incrimination and the Concept of Immunity
Re: Amendment V, phrase 4
Congress.gov: Amdt5.3.2.1 Withdrawl of Government Benefits
Re: Amendment V, phrase 4
Congress.gov: Amdt5.3.2.2.1 Custodial Interrogation: Early Doctrine
Re: Amendment V, phrase 4
Congress.gov: Amdt5.3.2.2.2 Custodial Interrogation: Doctrine from 1940s to 1960s
Congress.gov: Amdt5.3.2.2.3.1 Miranda and its Aftermath
Re: Amendment V, phrase 4
Congress.gov: Amdt5.3.2.2.3.2.1 Custodial Interrogation Standard
Re: Amendment V, phrase 4
Congress.gov: Amdt5.3.2.2.3.2.2 Requirements of Miranda
Re: Amendment V, phrase 4
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Congress.gov: Amdt5.3.2.2.3.2.3 Exceptions to Miranda
Re: Amendment V, phrase 4
Congress.gov: Amdt5.4.2 Right to Due Process: Historical Background
Re: Amendment V, phrase 5
Congress.gov: Amdt5.4.3.1.1 Persons Protected by the Due Process Clause: Persons
Re: Amendment V, phrase 5
Congress.gov: Amdt5.4.3.1.2 Persons Protected by the Due Process Clause: State Governments
Re: Amendment V, phrase 5
Congress.gov: Amdt5.4.4.1 Procedural Due Process in Non-Criminal Cases: Overview
Re: Amendment V, phrase 5
Congress.gov: Amdt5.4.4.2.1 Deprivations of Liberty
Re: Amendment V, phrase 5
Congress.gov: Amdt5.4.4.2.2 Deprivations of Property
Re: Amendment V, phrase 6
Congress.gov: Amdt5.4.4.3.1 What Process is "Due" when a Deprivation Occurs: Pre-Modern Doctrine
Re: Amendment V, phrase 5
Congress.gov: Amdt5.4.4.3.2.1 Mathews Test
Re: Amendment V, phrase 5
Congress.gov: Amdt5.4.4.3.2.2.2 Notice of the Change or Issue
Re: Amendment V, phrase 5
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Congress.gov: Amdt5.4.4.3.2.2.3 Opportunity for Meaningful Hearing
Congress.gov: Amdt5.4.4.3.2.2.4 Impartial Decision Maker
Congress.gov: Amdt6.1 Sixth Amendment: Overview
Re: Amendment VI
Congress.gov: Amdt6.2.1.1 Right to a Speedy Trial: Historical Background
Re: Amendment VI, phrase 1
Congress.gov: Amdt6.2.1.2.1 When the Right to a Speedy Trial Applies
Re: Amendment VI, phrase 1
Congress.gov: Amdt6.2.1.2.2 Scope of the Right to a Speedy Trial
Re: Amendment VI, phrase 1
Congress.gov: Amdt6.2.2.1 Right to a Public Trial: Historical Background
Re: Amendment VI, phrase 2
Congress.gov: Amdt6.3.1.2.1.1 When the Right to a Jury Trial Applies: Current Doctrine
Re: Amendment VI, phrase 3
Congress.gov: Amdt6.3.1.2.2 Right to Trial by Jury: Scope of the Right
Re: Amendment VI, phrase 3
Congress.gov: Amdt6.3.2.1.1 Right to an Impartial Jury: Current Doctrine
Re: Amendment VI, phrase 3
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Congress.gov: Amdt6.3.3.2 Right to a Local Jury: Doctrine and Practice
Re: Amendment VI, phrase 3
Congress.gov: Amdt6.4.1 Right to Notice of Accusation: Doctrine and Practice
Re: Amendment VI, phrase 4
Congress.gov: Amdt6.5.1.1 Right to Confront Adverse Witnesses: Early Doctrine
Re: Amendment VI, phrase 5
Congress.gov: Amdt6.5.1.2 Right to Confront Adverse Witnesses: Doctrine from 1960s to 1990s
Re: Amendment VI, phrase 5
Congress.gov: Amdt6.5.1.3 Right to Confront Adverse Witnesses: Current Doctrine
Re: Amendment VI, phrase 5
Congress.gov: Amdt6.6.1 Right to Compulsory Process: Doctrine and Practice
Re: Amendment VI, phrase 8
Congress.gov: Amdt6.7.1 Right to Counsel: Historical Background
Re: Amendment VI, phrase 7
Congress.gov: Amdt6.7.2.1.1 Right to Have Counsel Appointed: Early Doctrine
Re: Amendment VI, phrase 7
Congress.gov: Amdt6.7.2.1.2 Right to Have Counsel Appointed: Current Doctrine
Re: Amendment VI, phrase 7
Congress.gov: Amdt6.7.2.2 Right of Choice of Counsel
Re: Amendment VI, phrase 7
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Congress.gov: Amdt6.7.2.3 When the Right to Counsel Applies
Re: Amwndment VI, phrase 7
Congress.gov: Amdt6.7.2.4 Right of Effective Assistance of Counsel
Re: Amendment VI, phrase 7
  Heritage.org: Amendments
Re: Article V, phrase 1
Trent England
Vice President of Policy   at   Evergreen Freedom Foundation
  Heritage.org: Appellate Jurisdiction Clause
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 2, sentence 2
Andrew S. Gold
Professor of Law   at   DePaul University College of Law
  Heritage.org: Appointments Clause
Re:  Article II, Section 2, Clause 2, Phrase 2
John O. McGinnis
George C. Dix Professor in Constitutional Law   at   Northwestern University School of Law
  Heritage.org: Apportionment of Representatives
Re: Amendment XIV, Section 2, sentence 2
Paul Moreno
William and Berniece Grewcock Chair in Constitutional History, Associate Professor of History   at   Hillsdale College
  Heritage.org: Appropriations Clause
Re: Article I, Section 9, clause 7
Gary Kepplinger
Deputy General Counsel (Retired)   at   Government Accountability Office
  Heritage.org: Army Clause
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 20
Mackubin Owens
Professor of National Security Affairs, Senior Fellow of the Foreign Policy Research Institute   at   United States Naval War College
  Heritage.org: Arraignment Clause
Re: Amendment VI, phrase 4
Paul Rosenweig
Founder Visiting Fellow, The Heritage Foundation   at   Red Branch Law
Congress.gov: ArtI.S1.1.1 The History of the Doctrine of Nondelegability
Re: Article I, Section 1
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Congress.gov: ArtI.S1.1.2 The Nature and Scope of Permissible Delegations
Re: Article I, Section 1
Congress.gov: ArtI.S1.1.3.2 Military
Re: Article I, Section 1
Congress.gov: ArtI.S1.1.4.2 Delegations to Private Entities
Re: Article I, Section 1
Congress.gov: ArtI.S1.1.5 Particular Subjects or Concerns—Closer Scrutiny or Uniform Standard?
Re: Article I, Section 1
Congress.gov: ArtI.S10.C1.1 States Engaging in Foreign Policy
Re: Article I, Section 10, clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtI.S10.C1.2.1 States and Coining of Money and Issuing Bills of Credit: Overview
Re: Article I, Section 10, clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtI.S10.C1.2.2.1 Limits on Issuing Legal Tender
Re: Article I, Section 10, clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtI.S10.C1.3 State Bills of Attainder
Re: Article I, Section 10, clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtI.S10.C1.5 Contract Clause
Re: Article I, Section 10, clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtI.S10.C2.1 Import-Export Clause
Re: Article I, Section 10, clause 2
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Congress.gov: ArtI.S10.C3.1 States and Duty of Tonnage
Re: Article I, Section 10, clause 3
Congress.gov: ArtI.S10.C3.2 States and Military Affairs
Re: Article I, Section 10, Clause 2
Congress.gov: ArtI.S2.C1.1 Organization of the House of Representatives
Re: Article I, Section 2, clause 1, phrase 1
Congress.gov: ArtI.S2.C1.2 Electors for the House
Re: Article I, Section 1, clause 1, phrase 2
Congress.gov: ArtI.S2.C2.1 Qualifications of Members of the House of Representatives
Re: Article I, Section 2, clause 2
Congress.gov: ArtI.S2.C3.1 Enumeration Clause
Re: Article I, Section 2, clause 3, sentence 1
Congress.gov: ArtI.S2.C4.1 In General
Re: Article I, Section 2, clause 4
Congress.gov: ArtI.S2.C5.1.1 The Power of Impeachment: Overview
Re: Article I, Section 2, clause 5, phrase 2
Congress.gov: ArtI.S2.C5.1.2 The Power of Impeachment: Historical Background
Re: Article I, Section 2, clause 5, phrase 2
Congress.gov: ArtI.S2.C5.1.3 The Power of Impeachment: Doctrine and Practice
Re: Article I, Section 2, clause 5, phrase 2
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Congress.gov: ArtI.S2.C5.1.4.1 Alternatives to Impeachment
Re: Article I, Section 2, clause 5, phrase 2
Congress.gov: ArtI.S3.C1.1 In General
Re: Article I, Section 3, clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtI.S3.C2.1 The Senate: Overview
Re: Article I, Section 3, clause 2
Congress.gov: ArtI.S3.C3.1 In General
Re: Article I, Section 3, clause 3
Congress.gov: ArtI.S3.C4.1 In General
Re: Article I, Section 3, clause 4
Congress.gov: ArtI.S3.C5.1 In General
Re: Article I, Section 3, clause 5
Congress.gov: ArtI.S3.C6.1.1 The Power to Try Impeachments: Overview
Re: Article I, Section 2, clause 5, phrase 1
Congress.gov: ArtI.S3.C6.1.2 The Power to Try Impeachments: Historical Background
Re: Article I, Section 3, clause 6
Congress.gov: ArtI.S3.C6.1.3.1 Senate Practices in Impeachment
Re: Article I, Section 3, clause 6
Congress.gov: ArtI.S3.C6.1.3.2 Requirement of Oath or Affirmation
Re: Article I, Section 3, clause 6
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Congress.gov: ArtI.S3.C6.1.3.3 Presidential Impeachments
Re: Article I, Section 3, clause 6
Congress.gov: ArtI.S3.C7.1.1 Judgment in Cases of Impeachment: Overview
Re: Article I, Section 3, clause 7
Congress.gov: ArtI.S3.C7.1.2 Judgment in Cases of Impeachment: Doctrine and Practice
Re: Article I, Section 3, clause 7
Congress.gov: ArtI.S4.C1.1.1.1.1 Role of the States in Regulating Federal Elections
Re: Article I, Section 4, clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtI.S4.C1.1.1.1.2 Role of Congress in Regulating Federal Elections
Re: Article I, Section 4, clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtI.S4.C2.1 Meetings of Congress
Re: Article I, Section 4, clause 2
Congress.gov: ArtI.S5.C1.1 Determinations of Elections, Returns, and Qualifications
Re: Article I, Section 5, clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtI.S5.C1.2 Quorums
Re: Article I, Section 5, clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtI.S5.C2.1 Rule of Proceedings
Re: Article I, Section 5, clause 2
Congress.gov: ArtI.S5.C2.2 Punishments and Expulsions
Re: Article I, Section 5, clause 1
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Congress.gov: ArtI.S5.C3.1 Keeping a Journal of Proceedings
Re: Article I, Section 5, clause 3
Congress.gov: ArtI.S5.C4.1 In General
Re: Article I, Section 5, clause 4
Congress.gov: ArtI.S6.C1.1.1.1 Compensation for Members: Overview
Re: Article I, Section 6, clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtI.S6.C1.1.2 Privilege From Arrest
Re: Article I, Section 6, clause 1, sentence 2, phrase 1
Congress.gov: ArtI.S6.C1.1.3 Speech and Debate Privilege
Re: Article I, Section 6, clause 1, sentence 2, phrase 1
Congress.gov: ArtI.S6.C2.1 Ineligibility / Sinecure Clause
Re: Article I, Section 6, clause 2
Congress.gov: ArtI.S6.C2.2 Incompatibility Clause
Re: Article I, Section 6, clause 2
Congress.gov: ArtI.S7.C1.1.1 Origination Clause
Re: Article I, Section 7, clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtI.S7.C2.1 Enactment of Legislation
Re: Article I, Section 7, clause 2
Congress.gov: ArtI.S7.C3.1 Passage of Orders, Resolutions, or Votes
Re: Article I, Section 7, clause 3, sentence 1
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Congress.gov: ArtI.S8.C1.1 Taxing Power
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 1
Congress.gov: ArtI.S8.C1.2 Spending Power
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 1
Congress.gov: ArtI.S8.C10.1.1 Define and Punish Clause: Historical Background
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 15
Congress.gov: ArtI.S8.C10.1.2 Define and Punish Clause: Doctrine and Practice
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 15
Congress.gov: ArtI.S8.C11.1 Power to Declare War
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 17
Congress.gov: ArtI.S8.C11.2 Power to Make Rules Regarding Capture
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 19
Congress.gov: ArtI.S8.C12.1.1 Power to Raise and Support an Army: Overview
Congress.gov: ArtI.S8.C12.1.2 Power to Raise and Support an Army: Historical Background
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 20
Congress.gov: ArtI.S8.C13.1 In General
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 21
Congress.gov: ArtI.S8.C14.1 Power to Govern and Regulate Land and Naval Forces
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 22
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Congress.gov: ArtI.S8.C15.1 Power to Call Forth the Militia
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 23
Congress.gov: ArtI.S8.C17.1.1 Power over the Seat of Government: Historical Background
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 25
Congress.gov: ArtI.S8.C17.2 Power Over Places Purchased
Re: Article I, Section 8, Clause 17:
Congress.gov: ArtI.S8.C18.1 The Necessary and Proper Clause: Overview
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 26
Congress.gov: ArtI.S8.C18.2 The Necessary and Proper Clause: Historical Background
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 26
Congress.gov: ArtI.S8.C18.3.1 The Necessary and Proper Clause Doctrine: Early Doctrine and McCulloch v. Maryland
Re: Article I, Section 8, clause 26
Congress.gov: ArtI.S8.C18.3.2 The Necessary and Proper Clause Doctrine: Post-McCulloch Nineteenth Century Doctrinal Development
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 26
Congress.gov: ArtI.S8.C18.3.3 The Necessary and Proper Clause Doctrine: Modern Doctrine (Twentieth Century to Present)
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 26
Congress.gov: ArtI.S8.C18.3.4 The Necessary and Proper Clause Doctrine: The Meaning of Proper
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 26
Congress.gov: ArtI.S8.C18.4.1.1 Implied Power of Congress to Conduct Investigations and Oversight: Historical Background
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 26
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Congress.gov: ArtI.S8.C18.4.1.2 Implied Power of Congress to Conduct Investigations and Oversight: Doctrine and Practice
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 26
Congress.gov: ArtI.S8.C18.4.2 Implied Power of Congress Over Immigration
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 26
Congress.gov: ArtI.S8.C2.1 Borrowing Power
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 3
Congress.gov: ArtI.S8.C3.1.1 Foreign Commerce Power
Re: Article I, Section 8, plause 3
Congress.gov: ArtI.S8.C3.1.2 Commerce Among the Several States
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 5
Congress.gov: ArtI.S8.C3.1.3 Commerce With Indian Tribes
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 6
Congress.gov: ArtI.S8.C3.1.4.1 Dormant Commerce Power: Overview
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 4
Congress.gov: ArtI.S8.C3.1.4.2.1 State Taxation and the Dormant Commerce Clause
Re: Article I, Section 8, plause 3
Congress.gov: ArtI.S8.C4.1.1 Naturalization Power: Overview
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 7
Congress.gov: ArtI.S8.C4.1.2.1 Expatriation
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 7
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Congress.gov: ArtI.S8.C4.2.1.1 Scope of Federal Bankruptcy Power
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 8
Congress.gov: ArtI.S8.C4.2.1.2 Restriction on State Bankruptcy Power
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 8
Congress.gov: ArtI.S8.C5.1 Coinage Power
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 9
Congress.gov: ArtI.S8.C6.1 Counterfeiting Power
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 11
Congress.gov: ArtI.S8.C7.1.1 Postal Power: Overview
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 12
Congress.gov: ArtI.S8.C7.1.2.1 Postal Power: Restrictions on State Power
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 12
Congress.gov: ArtI.S8.C8.1.1 Origins and Scope of the Power
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 13
Congress.gov: ArtI.S8.C8.1.2 Patentable Discoveries
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 13
Congress.gov: ArtI.S8.C8.1.3 Nature and Scope of the Right Secured for Copyright
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 13
Congress.gov: ArtI.S8.C8.1.4 Power of Congress Over Patents and Copyrights
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 13
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Congress.gov: ArtI.S8.C8.1.5 Copyright and the First Amendment
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 13
Congress.gov: ArtI.S8.C8.1.6 State Power Affecting Patents and Copyrights
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 13
Congress.gov: ArtI.S8.C8.1.7 Trade-Marks and Advertisements
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 13
Congress.gov: ArtI.S8.C9.1 In General
Re: Article I, Section 3, phrase 14
Congress.gov: ArtI.S9.C1.1.1 Restrictions on the Slave Trade
Re: Article I, Section 9, clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtI.S9.C2.1 Writ of Habeas Corpus and the Suspension Clause
Re: Article I, Section 9, clause 3, phrase 1
Congress.gov: ArtI.S9.C3.1 Bills of Attainder
Re: Article I, Section 9, clause 3, phrase 1
Congress.gov: ArtI.S9.C3.2 Ex Post Facto Laws
Re: Article I, Section 9, clause 3, phrase 2
Congress.gov: ArtI.S9.C4.1.1 Prohibition on Direct Taxation: Overview
Re: Article I, Section 9, clause 4
Congress.gov: ArtI.S9.C4.1.2.1 Prohibition on Direct Taxation: Early Doctrine
Re: Article I, Section 9, clause 4
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Congress.gov: ArtI.S9.C4.1.2.2 Prohibition on Direct Taxation: Pollock and its Effect
Re: Article I, Section 9, clause 4
Congress.gov: ArtI.S9.C5.1 Prohibition on Taxes on Exports
Re: Article I, Section 9, clause 5
Congress.gov: ArtI.S9.C6.1 Prohibition on Port Preferences
Re: Article I, Section 9, clause 6
Congress.gov: ArtI.S9.C7.1 Appropriations Clause
Re: Article I, Section 9, clause 7
Congress.gov: ArtI.S9.C8.1 Foreign Emoluments Clause
Re: Article I, Section 9, clause 8
Congress.gov: Article IV, Section 1:
Re: Article IV, Section 1
Congress.gov: ArtII.S1.C1.1.1.1 Executive Vesting Clause: Historical Background
Re: Article II, Section 1, clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtII.S1.C1.1.1.2.1.1 Executive Vesting Clause: Early Doctrine
Re: Article II, Section 1, clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtII.S1.C1.1.1.2.1.2 Executive Vesting Clause: Doctrine from 1920s to 1950s
Re: Article II, Section 1, clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtII.S1.C1.1.1.2.1.3 Executive Vesting Clause: Current Doctrine
Re: Article II, Section 1, clause 1
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Congress.gov: ArtII.S1.C1.2 President's Term in Office
Re: Article II, Section 1, clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtII.S1.C2.1.1 Presidential Electors: Historical Background
Re: Article II, Section 1, clause 2
Congress.gov: ArtII.S1.C2.1.2.1 State Discretion in Choosing Electors
Re: Article II, Section 1, clause 2
Congress.gov: ArtII.S1.C2.1.2.2 Legal Status of Electors
Congress.gov: ArtII.S1.C2.1.2.3 Discretion of Electors in Choosing a President
Re: Article II, Section 1, clause 2
Congress.gov: ArtII.S1.C3.1 In General
Re: See Article II, Section 1, clause 2
Congress.gov: ArtII.S1.C4.1 In General
Re: Article II, Section 1, clause 4
Congress.gov: ArtII.S1.C5.1 Qualifications for the Presidency
Re: Article II, Section 1, clause 5
Congress.gov: ArtII.S1.C6.1 Presidential Succession
Re: Article II, Section 1, clause 6
Congress.gov: ArtII.S1.C7.1 Compensation and Emoluments
Re: Article II, Section 1, clause 7
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Congress.gov: ArtII.S1.C8.1 Oath of Office
Re: Article II, Section 1, clause 8
Congress.gov: ArtII.S2.C1.1.1 Commander in Chief Power: Historical Background
Re: Article II, Section 2, clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtII.S2.C1.1.2 Commander in Chief Power: Doctrine and Practice
Re: Article II, Section 2, Clause 1:
Congress.gov: ArtII.S2.C1.1.3.1 Imposing Martial Law ArtII.S2.C1.2 Presidential Advisors ArtII.S2.C1.1.3.2 Provision for Detention and Trial of Prisoners of War and
Re: Article II, Section 2, clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtII.S2.C1.1.3.1 Imposing Martial Law
Re: Article II, Section 2, clause 1
  ArtII.S2.C1.2 Presidential Advisors
Re: Article II, Section 2, clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtII.S2.C1.3.1.1 Scope of the Pardon Power
Re: Article II, Section 2, clause 1, phrase 4
Congress.gov: ArtII.S2.C1.3.1.3 Congress's Ability to Limit the Pardon Power
Re: Article II, Section 2, clause 1, phrase 4
Congress.gov: ArtII.S2.C2.1 The Treaty Making Power
Re: Article II, Section 2, clause 2, phrase 1
Congress.gov: ArtII.S2.C2.2.1.1 Appointing Ambassadors, Ministers, and Consuls
Re: Article II, Section 2, clause 2, sentence 2 phrase 2
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Congress.gov: ArtII.S2.C2.2.1.2 Establishment of Offices and Officers Not Provided for in Constitution
Congress.gov: ArtII.S2.C2.2.1.3.1 Legal Requirement When Appointing an Officer
Re: Article II, Section 2, clause 2, sentence 2, phrase 2
Congress.gov: ArtII.S2.C2.2.1.3.2 Distinguishing Between Officers and Non-Officers
Re: Article II, Section 2, clause 2, sentence 2, phrase 2
Congress.gov: ArtII.S2.C2.2.1.3.3 Alterations to the Duties of an Officer
Re: Article II, Section 2, clause 2
Congress.gov: ArtII.S2.C2.2.1.4 Appointing
Re: Article II, Section 2, clause 2, sentence 2, phrase 2
Congress.gov: ArtII.S2.C2.2.1.5.1 Removing Officers: Doctrine During 1930s
Re: Article II, Section 2, clause 2, sentence 2, phrase 2
Congress.gov: ArtII.S2.C3.1.1 Recess Appointments Power: Overview
Re: Article II, Section 2, clause 3
Congress.gov: ArtII.S2.C3.1.2.1 Definition of a Vacancy
Re: Article II, Section 2, clause 3
Congress.gov: ArtII.S2.C3.1.3.1 Recess Appointments of Article III Judges
Re: Article II, Section 2, clause 3
Congress.gov: ArtII.S2.C3.2.1 Implied or Inherent Powers: Overview
Re: Article II, Section 2, clause 3
Top
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S1.1.1.1 Judicial Vesting Clause: Doctrine and Practice
Re: Article III, Section 1
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S1.1.1.2.1.1 Inherent Powers of Federal Courts: Procedural Rules
Re: Article III, Section 1
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S1.1.1.2.1.2 Inherent Powers of Federal Courts: Contempt and Sanctions
Re: Article III, Section 1
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S1.1.1.2.1.3 Inherent Powers of Federal Courts: Issuing Judgments
Re: Article III, Section 1
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S1.1.1.2.2.1 Reopening Final Judicial Decisions
Re: Article III, Section 1
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S1.1.1.2.2.2 Imposing Non-Adjudicatory Function on Courts
Re: Article III, Section 1
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S1.1.1.2.3.1 Federal—State Court Relations: Overview
Re: Article III, Section 1
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S1.1.1.2.3.2 State Court Enforcement of Federal Law
Re: Article III, Section 1
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S1.1.1.2.3.3 State Court Interference With Federal Jurisdiction
Re: Article III, Section 1
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S1.1.1.2.3.4.2 Federal Court Non-Interference With State Jurisdiction: Exhaustion Doctrine
Re: Article III, Section 1
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Congress.gov: ArtIII.S1.1.1.2.3.5 Federal—State Court Relations: Habeas Review
Re: Article III, Section 1, sentence 1
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S1.1.1.2.4.1 Doctrine of Stare Decisis
Re: Article III, Section 1:
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S1.1.1.2.4.2 Retroactivity of Supreme Court Decisions
Re: Article III, Section 1
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S1.1.2.1 Congressional Power to Establish Article III Courts: Historical Background
Re: Article III, Section 1
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S1.1.2.2 Congressional Power to Establish Article III Courts: Doctrine and Practice
Re: Article III, Section 1
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S1.1.3.1.1 Congressional Power to Establish Non-Article III Courts: Current Doctrine
Re: Article III, Section 1, sentence 1, phrase 3
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S1.2.1.1 Good Behavior Clause: Overview
Re: Article III, Section 1, sentence 2, phrase 1
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S1.2.1.2 Good Behavior Clause: Historical Background
Re: Article III, Section 1, sentence 2, phrase 1
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S1.2.1.3 Good Behavior Clause: Doctrine and Practice
Re: Article III, Section 1
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S1.2.2.1 Judicial Compensation Clause: Doctrine and Practice
Re: Article III, Section 1, sentence 1, phrase 2
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Congress.gov: ArtIII.S2.C1.1 Article III, Section 2, Clause 1: Historical Background
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 1, phrases 3 - 10
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S2.C1.2.1 Rules of Justiciability and the Case or Controversy Requirement: Overview
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S2.C1.2.3 Rules of Justiciability and the Case or Controversy Requirement: Advisory Opinions
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S2.C1.2.4 Rules of Justiciability and the Case or Controversy Requirement: Adversity Requirement
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S2.C1.2.5.1 Standing Requirement: Overview
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S2.C1.2.5.2 Standing Requirement: Current Doctrine
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S2.C1.2.5.3.1 Standing Requirement: Taxpayer Standing
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S2.C1.2.5.3.2.1 Representational Standing: Overview
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S2.C1.2.5.3.2.2 Representational Standing: Associational Standing
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S2.C1.2.5.3.2.3 Representational Standing: States and Parens Patraie
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
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Congress.gov: ArtIII.S2.C1.2.5.3.3 Standing Requirement: Standing of Federal and State Legislators
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S2.C1.2.5.3.4 Standing Requirement: Prudential Standing
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S2.C1.2.6.1 Ripeness Doctrine: Overview
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 1, phrase 1
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S2.C1.2.7.2 Early Mootness Doctrine ArtIII.S2.C1.2.7.1 Mootness Doctrine: Overview
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S2.C1.2.7.2 Early Mootness Doctrine
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S2.C1.2.7.3.2 Modern Mootness Doctrine: General Criteria of Mootness ArtIII.S2.C1.2.7.3.1 Modern Mootness Doctrine: Introduction
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S2.C1.2.7.3.2 Modern Mootness Doctrine: General Criteria of Mootness
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S2.C1.2.7.3.3.1 Exceptions to Mootness: Introduction
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S2.C1.2.7.3.3.2 Exceptions to Mootness: Voluntary Cessation Doctrine
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S2.C1.2.7.3.3.3 Exceptions to Mootness: Capable of Repetition, Yet Evading Review
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
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Congress.gov: ArtIII.S2.C1.2.7.3.3.4 Exceptions to Mootness in the Criminal Context
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S2.C1.2.7.3.3.5 Special Mootness Rules in the Class Action Litigation Context
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S2.C1.2.8.1 Political Question Doctrine: Overview
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S2.C1.2.8.2 Early Political Question Doctrine
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S2.C1.2.8.3 Political Question Doctrine: Current Doctrine
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S2.C1.2.9 Constitutional Avoidance Doctrine
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S2.C1.3.1.1 Arising Under Jurisdiction: Overview
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S2.C1.3.1.2.1 Protective Theory of Jurisdiction
Re: Article III, Section 2, Clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S2.C1.3.2 Classes of Cases and Controversies for Federal Courts: Admiralty and Maritime
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 1, phrase 4
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S2.C1.3.3 Cases to Which the United States is a Party
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
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Congress.gov: ArtIII.S2.C1.3.4 Controversies Between Two or More States
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 1, phrase 6
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S2.C1.3.5.1 Diversity Jurisdiction: Overview
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 1, phrase 8
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S2.C1.3.5.2.1 Law Applied in Diversity Cases
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S2.C1.3.6 Controversies Over Land Grants in Different States
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 1, phrase 9
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S2.C1.3.7 Controversies Between a State or Its Citizens and Foreign States/Citizens
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 1, phrase 10
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S2.C2.1.1.1.1 Original Jurisdiction
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 2, phrase 1
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S2.C2.1.1.1.2 Appellate Jurisdiction
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 1, phrase 3
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S2.C2.1.2 Original Cases Affecting Ambassadors, Public Ministers, & Consuls
Re: Article III, Section 2, Clause 2:
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S2.C2.1.3 Supreme Court Review of State Court Decisions
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 2, sentence 2
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S2.C2.1.4.1 Classes of Cases and Controversies at the Supreme Court: Doctrine and Practice
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 2, sentence 1
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Congress.gov: ArtIII.S2.C3.1 In General
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 3
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S3.C1.1.1 Treason Clause: Historical Background
Re: Article III, Section 3, clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtIII.S3.C1.1.2 Treason Clause: Doctrine and Practice
Re: Article III, Section 3, Clause 1:
Congress.gov: ArtIV.S1.1.1.1 Full Faith and Credit Clause: Historical Background
Re: Article IV, Section 1
  ArtIV.S1.1.1.2.1 Public Acts and Records
Re: Article IV, Section 1:
Congress.gov: ArtIV.S1.1.1.2.2 Judicial Proceeding
Re: Article IV, Section 1
Congress.gov: ArtIV.S1.1.1.2.2 Judicial Proceedings
Congress.gov: ArtIV.S2.C1.1.1 Privileges and Immunity Clause: Historical Background
Re: Article IV, Section 2, Clause 1:
Congress.gov: ArtIV.S2.C1.1.2 Privileges and Immunity Clause: Doctrine and Practice
Re: Article IV, Section 2, clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtIV.S2.C2.1.1 Interstate Renditions Clause: Doctrine and Practice
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Congress.gov: ArtIV.S2.C3.1.1 Fugitive Slave Clause: Doctrine and Practice
Re: Article IV, Section 2, clause 3
Congress.gov: ArtIV.S3.C1.1.1.1 Admission of and the Rights of New States: Historical Background
Congress.gov: ArtIV.S3.C1.1.1.2 Admission of and the Rights of New States: Doctrine and Practice
Re: Article IV, Section 3, clause 3
Congress.gov: ArtIV.S3.C2.1.1 Property Clause
Re: Article IV, Section 3, clause 2
Congress.gov: ArtIV.S4.1.1.1 Guarantee of a Republican Form of Government: Historical Background
Re: Article IV, Section 4
Congress.gov: ArtIV.S4.1.1.2 Guarantee of a Republican Form of Government: Doctrine and Practice
Re: Article IV, Section 4
Congress.gov: ArtV.1 Article V: Historical Background
Re: Article V
Congress.gov: ArtV.2.1 Proposing Amendments: Congressional Proposals
Re: Article V, phrase 1
Congress.gov: ArtV.2.2 Proposing Amendments: Proposals by Convention
Re: Article V
Congress.gov: ArtV.3.2 Choosing a Mode of Ratification
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Congress.gov: ArtVI.C1.1 In General
Re: Article VI, clause 1
Congress.gov: ArtVI.C2.1.1.1 Supremacy Clause: Early Doctrine
Re: Article VI, clause 2
Congress.gov: ArtVI.C2.1.1.2 Dual Federalism in the 19th and Early 20th Centuries
Re: Article VI, clause 2
Congress.gov: ArtVI.C2.1.1.3 Supremacy Clause: Current Doctrine
Congress.gov: ArtVI.C3.1.1 Oath of Office Requirement
  Heritage.org: Attestation Clause
Matthew Spalding
Vice President, American Studies, Director, B. Kenneth Simon Center for Principles and Politics   at   The Heritage Foundation
ACLU.org Background on Habeas Corpus
Unknown Authorship
  Heritage.org: Bankruptcy Clause
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 8
Todd Zywicki
Foundation Professor of Law   at   George Mason University School of Law
  Heritage.org: Bill of Attainder
Re: Article I, Section 9, clause 2, phrase 2
Daniel Troy
Senior Vice President   at   GlaxoSmithKline
Heritage.org: Borrowing Clause
Re:  Article I, Section 8, Phrase 3
Claire Priest
Professor of Law   at   Yale Law School
Top
  Heritage.org: Citizen-State Diversity
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 1, phrase 7
Ernest A. Young
Duke University School of Law   at   Alston
  Heritage.org: Citizenship
Re: Amendment XIV, Section 1, sentence 1
Edward Erler
Professor Emeritus, Senior Fellow, The Claremont Institute   at   California State University, San Bernardino
  Heritage.org: Claims
Re: Article IV, Section 3, clause 4
Jeffrey Sikkenga
Associate Professor of Political Science, Adjunct fellow, John M. Ashbrook Center for Public Affairs, Senior fellow, University of Virginia Program on Constitutionalism and Democracy   at   Ashland University
  Heritage.org: Coinage Clause
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 9
Todd Zywicki
Foundation Professor of Law   at   George Mason University School of Law
  Heritage.org: Commander in Chief
Re:  Article II, Section 2, Clause 1, Phrase 1
John Yoo
Professor of Law   at   University of California-Berkley, Boalt Hall School of Law
  Heritage.org: Commander of Militia
Re:  Article II, Section 2, Clause 1, Phrase 2
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
Heritage.org: Commerce among the States
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 5
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
Heritage.org: Commerce with Foreign Nations
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 4
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
Heritage.org: Commerce with the Indian Tribes
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 6
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
  Heritage.org: Commissions
Re:  Article II, Section 3, Phrase 6
Trent England
Vice President of Policy   at   Evergreen Freedom Foundation
Top
  Heritage.org: Compact Clause
Re: Article I, Section 10, clause 2
Michael S. Greve
John G. Searle Scholar   at   Michael S. Greve John G. Searle Scholar American Enterprise Institute Michael S. Greve John G. Searle Scholar American Enterprise Institute John G. Searle Scholar American Enterprise Institute
  Heritage.org: Compensation Clause
Re: Article I, Section 6, clause 1, sentence 1
Adrian Vermeule
John H. Watson, Jr. Professor of Law   at   Harvard Law School
  Heritage.org: Compulsory Process Clause
Stephen Saltzburg
Wallace and Beverley Woodbury University Professor of Law, Co-director, Litigation and Dispute Resolution Program   at   The George Washington University Law School
  Heritage.org: Confrontation Clause
John C. Douglass
Professor of Law   at   University of Richmond School of Law
  Heritage.org: Convening of Congress
Re:  Article II, Section 3, Phrase 3
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
Heritage.org: Counterfeiting
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 11
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
  Heritage.org: Criminal Trials
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 3
Rachel E. Barkow
Segal Family Professor of Regulatory Law and Policy   at   New York University School of Law
  Heritage.org: Cruel and Unusual Punishment
Re: Amendment VIII, phrase 1
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
  Heritage.org: Debt Assumption
Re: Article VI, clause 1
Jeffrey Sikkenga
Associate Professor of Political Science, Adjunct fellow, John M. Ashbrook Center for Public Affairs, Senior fellow, University of Virginia Program on Constitutionalism and Democracy   at   Ashland University
  Heritage.org: Debts Incurred During Rebellion
Re: Amendment XIV, Section 4
Paul Moreno
William and Berniece Grewcock Chair in Constitutional History, Associate Professor of History   at   Hillsdale College
Top
Heritage.org: Declare War
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 17
John Yoo
Professor of Law   at   University of California-Berkley, Boalt Hall School of Law
Heritage.org: Define and Punish Clause
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 15
Jack L. Goldsmith
Henry L. Shattuck Professor of Law   at   Harvard Law School
  Heritage.org: Direct Taxes
Re: Article I, Section 9, clause 4
Erik M. Jensen
David L. Brennan Professor of Law   at   Case Western Reserve University Law School
  Heritage.org: Disqualification for Rebellion
Re: Amendment XIV, Section 3
Paul Moreno
William and Berniece Grewcock Chair in Constitutional History, Associate Professor of History   at   Hillsdale College
  Heritage.org: Diversity Clause
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 1, phrase 8
Terrence Pell
President   at   Center for Individual Rights
  Heritage.org: Double Jeopardy
Re: Amendment V, phrase 3
G. Robert Blakey
The William J. and Dorothy K. O'Neill Chair in Law   at   Notre Dame Law School
  Heritage.org: Due Process Clause
Re: Amendment V, phrase 5
Gary Lawson
Philip S. Beck Professor of Law,   at   Boston University School of Law
  Heritage.org: Election Regulations
Re: Article I, Section 4, clause 1
Anthony Peacock
Professor of Law, Director, Project on Liberty   at   Utah State University
  Heritage.org: Elector Qualifications
Re: Article I, Section 2, clause 1, phrase 2
Rachel E. Barkow
Segal Family Professor of Regulatory Law and Policy   at   New York University School of Law
  Heritage.org: Electoral College
Re: Article II, Section 1, clause 3
Tadahisa Kuroda
Professor of History   at   Skidmore College
Top
  Heritage.org: Electors for the District of Columbia
Re: Amendment XXIII, Section 1, clause 1
Adam Kurland
Professor of Law   at   Howard University School of Law
  Heritage.org: Emoluments Clause
Re: Article I, Section 9, clause 8
Robert J. Delahunty
Associate Professor of Law   at   University of St. Thomas School of Law
  Heritage.org: Enclave Clause
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 25
Gerard Bailey
Professor of Law   at   Notre Dame Law School
  Heritage.org: Enforcement Clause
Re: Amendment XIV, Section 5
Rachel E. Barkow
Segal Family Professor of Regulatory Law and Policy   at   New York University School of Law
  Heritage.org: Enumeration Clause
Re: Article I, Section 2, clause 3, sentence 2
Andrew Spiropoulos
Professor of Law, Director, Center for the Study of State Constitutional Law and Government   at   Oklahoma City University School of Law
  Heritage.org: Equal Protection
Re: Amendment XIV, Section 1, sentence 2, phrase 4
David Smolin
Harwell G. Davis Professor of Constitutional Law, Director, Center for Biotechnology, Law and Ethics   at   Cumberland School of Law, Samford University
  Heritage.org: Establishment of Religion
Re: Amendment I, phrase 1
John Baker
Professor Emeritus, Distinguished Scholar in Residence, Catholic University Columbus School of Law   at   Louisiana State University, Paul M. Hebert Law Center
  Heritage.org: Ex Post Facto
Re: Article I, Section 9, clause 2, phrase 3
Daniel Troy
Senior Vice President   at   GlaxoSmithKline
  Heritage.org: Executive Vesting Clause
Re: Article I, Section 10, clause 3
Sai Prakash
David Lurton Massee, Jr., Professor of Law   at   University of Virginia School of Law
  Heritage.org: Executive Writs of Election
Re: Article I, Section 2, clause 4
Paul Taylor
Chief Counsel   at   House Judiciary Committee
Top
  Heritage.org: Export Taxation Clause
Re: Article I, Section 9, clause 5
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
EveryCRSReport.com Federal Habeas Corpus: A Brief Legal Overview
Unknown Authorship
  Heritage.org: Federal Party
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 1, phrase 5
Paul Rosenweig
Founder Visiting Fellow, The Heritage Foundation   at   Red Branch Law
  Heritage.org: Free Exercise of Religion
Re: Amendment I, phrase 2
Thomas C. Berg
James L. Oberstar Professor of Law and Public Policy   at   University of St. Thomas School of Law
  Heritage.org: Freedom of Assembly and Petition
Re: Amendment I, phrase 4
David Bernstein
George Mason University Foundation Professor   at   George Mason University School of Law
  Heritage.org: Freedom of Speech and of the Press
Re: Amendment I, phrase 3
Eugene Volokh
Gary T. Schwartz Professor of Law   at   University of California, Los Angeles School of Law
  Heritage.org: Fugitive Slave Clause
Re: Article IV, Section 2, clause 3
Matthew Spalding
Vice President, American Studies, Director, B. Kenneth Simon Center for Principles and Politics   at   The Heritage Foundation
  Heritage.org: Full Faith and Credit Clause
Re: Article IV, Section 1
Erin O'Hara O'Connor
Erin O'Hara O'Connor Professor of Law Vanderbilt University Law School   at   Vanderbilt University Law School
  Heritage.org: Good Behavior Clause
Re: Article III, Section 1, sentence 2, phrase 1
Jonathan Turley
J.B. and Maurice C. Shapiro Professor of Public Interest Law,Director, Environmental Law Advocacy Center, Executive Director, Project for Older Prisoners   at   The George Washington University Law School
  Heritage.org: Grand Jury Exception
Re: Amendment V, phrase 2
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
Top
  Heritage.org: Grand Jury Requirement
Re: Amendment V, phrase 1
Andrew D. Leipold
Edwin M. Adams Professor, Director, Program in Criminal Law   at   University of Illinois College of Law
  Heritage.org: Guarantee Clause
Robert G. Natelson
Senior Fellow in Constitutional Jurisprudence   at   Independence Institute
NYMag.com Here's Every Defense of the Electoral College -- and Why They're All Wrong
Eric Levitz
  at   Writer East Coast Magazine
DeB-246-Article II, Section 1, The Executive Branch, The President
thoughtco.com History of the U.S. Federal Income Tax
Robert Longley
Freelance writer
Heritage.org: House Journal
Re: Article I, Section 5, clause 3
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
  Heritage.org: House of Representatives
Re: Article I, Section 2, clause 1, phrase 1
Bradley Smith
Josiah H. Blackmore II/Shirley M. Nault Designated Professor of Law   at   Capital University Law School
Congress.gov: I.S8.C16.1 Power to Organize Militias
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 24
  Heritage.org: Impeachment
Re: Article I, Section 2, clause 5, phrase 2
Stephen B. Presser
Sullivan   at   Northwestern University School of Law
  Heritage.org: Income Tax
Re: Amendment XVI
Erik M. Jensen
David L. Brennan Professor of Law   at   Case Western Reserve University Law School
  Heritage.org: Incompatibility Clause
Re: Article I, Section 6, clause 2, sentence 1, phrase 2
Joan L. Larsen
Counsel to the Associate Dean for Student and Graduate Activities Lecturer   at   University of Michigan Law School
Top
Heritage.org: Inferior Courts
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 14
David Engdahl
Professor of Law   at   Seattle University School of Law
  Heritage.org: Inferior Offices
Re:  Article II, Section 2, Clause 2, Phrase 3
Douglas Cox
Partner   at   Gibson, Dunn
  Heritage.org: Interstate Disputes
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 1, phrase 6
Paul Rosenweig
Founder Visiting Fellow, The Heritage Foundation   at   Red Branch Law
  Heritage.org: Interstate Rendition Clause
Re: Article IV, Section 2, clause 2
Richard Peltz
Professor of Law   at   University of Arkansas at Little Rock, William H. Bowen School of Law
TheNation.com It's Time to Repeal and Replace the Second Amendment
Ellie Mystal

DeB-246-Amendment II, Right to Keep and Bear Arms
  Heritage.org: Judicial Compensation Clause
Re: Article III, Section 1, sentence 2, phrase 2
Jonathan Turley
J.B. and Maurice C. Shapiro Professor of Public Interest Law,Director, Environmental Law Advocacy Center, Executive Director, Project for Older Prisoners   at   The George Washington University Law School
  Heritage.org: Judicial Power
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 1, phrase 1
Arthur Hellman
Professor of Law Sally Ann Semenko Endowed Chair   at   University of Pittsburgh School of Law
  Heritage.org: Judicial Vesting
Re: Article III, Section 1, sentence 1, phrase 1
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
  Heritage.org: Jury Trial
Re: Amendment VI, phrase 3
Albert W. Alschuler
Julius Kreeger Professor Emeritus of Law and Criminology   at   Northwestern University Law School
  Heritage.org: Land Grant Jurisdiction Clause
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 1, phrase 9
John C. Eastman
Henry Salvatori Professor of Law   at   Chapman University School of Law
Top
  Heritage.org: Legislative Vesting Clause
Re: Article I, Section 1
Douglas H. Ginsburg
Professor of Law   at   New York University School of Law
Heritage.org: Marque and Reprisal
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 18
John Yoo
Professor of Law   at   University of California-Berkley, Boalt Hall School of Law
  Heritage.org: Meetings of Congress Clause
Re: Article I, Section 4, clause 2
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
Heritage.org: Military Installations
Gerard Bailey
Professor of Law   at   Notre Dame Law School
  Heritage.org: Military Regulations
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 22
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
  Heritage.org: Militia Clause
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 23
Mackubin Owens
Professor of National Security Affairs, Senior Fellow of the Foreign Policy Research Institute   at   United States Naval War College
Heritage.org: Naturalization
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 7
Joseph M. Bessette
Alice Tweed Tuohy Professor of Government and Ethics,Department of Government   at   Claremont McKenna College
  Heritage.org: Navy Clause
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 21
Mackubin Owens
Professor of National Security Affairs, Senior Fellow of the Foreign Policy Research Institute   at   United States Naval War College
  Heritage.org: Necessary and Proper Clause
Re: Article I, Section 8, Phrase 26
David Engdahl
Professor of Law   at   Seattle University School of Law
  Heritage.org: New States Clause
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
Top
LATimes.com No, The Electoral College Isn't "Electoral Affirmative Action" for Rural States
John W. York
L.A.
DeB-246-Article II, Section 1, The Executive Branch, The President
  Heritage.org: Oath of Office
Re:  Article II, Section 1, Clause 8,
Vasan Kesavan
  Heritage.org: Oaths Clause
Re: Article VI, clause 3, phrase 1
Matthew Spalding
Vice President, American Studies, Director, B. Kenneth Simon Center for Principles and Politics   at   The Heritage Foundation
  Heritage.org: Obligation of Contract
Re: Article I, Section 10, clause 1, phrase 4
Richard A. Epstein
James Parker Hall Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus of Law and Senior Lecturer, Laurence A. Tisch Professor of Law, New York University Law School, Senior Fellow, Hoover Institution   at   The University of Chicago Law School
  Heritage.org: Opinion Clause
Re:  Article II, Section 2, Clause 1, Phrase 3
Todd Gaziano
Director, Center for Legal and Judicial Studies   at   The Heritage Foundation
  Heritage.org: Organizing the Militia
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 24
Mackubin Owens
Professor of National Security Affairs, Senior Fellow of the Foreign Policy Research Institute   at   United States Naval War College
  Heritage.org: Original Jurisdiction
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 1, phrase 10
Paul Verkuil
Professor of Law Chairman of the Administrative Conference of the United States   at   Yeshiva University, Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law
  Heritage.org: Origination Clause
Re: Article I, Section 7, clause 1
Erik M. Jensen
David L. Brennan Professor of Law   at   Case Western Reserve University Law School
  Heritage.org: Pardon Power
Re:  Article II, Section 2, Clause 1, Phrase 4
James Pfiffner
Professor of Public Policy   at   George Mason University
Heritage.org: Patent and Copyright Clause
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 13
Thomas B. Nachbar
Professor of Law, Senior Fellow, Center for National Security Law   at   University of Virginia School of Law
Top
  Heritage.org: Pocket Veto
Re: Article I, Section 7, clause 2, sentence 2
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
  Heritage.org: Poll Taxes
Re: Amendment XXIV, Section 1
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
  Heritage.org: Popular Election of Senators
Re: Amendment XVII, clause 1
Ralph Rossum
Salvatori Professor of Political Philosophy   at   Claremont McKenna College
  Heritage.org: Port Preference Clause
Re: Article I, Section 9, clause 6
Nelson Lund
Patrick Henry Professor of Constitutional Law and the Second Amendment   at   George Mason University School of Law
Heritage.org: Post Office
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 12
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
Congress.gov: Preamble Overview
Re: Preamble
  Heritage.org: Preamble
Re: Preamble
Forrest McDonald
Distinguished University Research Professor Emeritus, University of Alabama   at   University of Alabama
  Heritage.org: Presentment Clause
Re: Article I, Section 7, clause 2, sentence 1
Michael B. Rappaport
Professor of Law   at   University of San Diego School of Law
  Heritage.org: Presentment of Resolutions
Re: Article I, Section 7, clause 3, sentence 1
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
  Heritage.org: President Pro Tempore
Re:  Article I, Section 3, clause 5
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
Top
  Heritage.org: Presidential Compensation
Re:  Article II, Section 1, Clause 7,
Robert J. Delahunty
Associate Professor of Law   at   University of St. Thomas School of Law
  Heritage.org: Presidential Electors
Re: Article II, Section 1, clause 2
Einer R. Elhauge
Carroll and Milton Petrie Professor of Law   at   Harvard Law School
  Heritage.org: Presidential Eligibility
Re: Article II, Section 1, clause 3
James C. Ho
Partner   at   Gibson, Dunn
  Heritage.org: Presidential Succession
Re:  Article II, Section 1, Clause 6,
John Feerick
Norris Professor of Law   at   Fordham University School of Law
  Heritage.org: Presidential Term Limit
Re: Amendment XXII, Section 1
Bruce Peabody
Professor of Political Science   at   Fairleigh Dickinson University
  Heritage.org: Presidential Term
Re: Article II, Section 1, clause 1, sentence 2, phrase 1
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
  Heritage.org: Presidential Terms
Re: Amendment XX, Section 1
John Copeland Nagle
ohn N. Matthews Professor of Law   at   Notre Dame Law School
  Heritage.org: Presidential Vote
Re: Article II, Section 1, clause 2
Einer R. Elhauge
Carroll and Milton Petrie Professor of Law   at   Harvard Law School
Heritage.org: Privilege from Arrest
Re: Article I, Section 6, clause 1, sentence 2, phrase 1
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
  Heritage.org: Privileges and Immunities Clause
Re: Article IV, Section 2, clause 1
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
Top
  Heritage.org: Privileges or Immunities
Re: Amendment XIV, Section 1, sentence 2, phrase 2
Calvin R. Massey
Professor of Law   at   Professor of Law University of California, Hastings College of the Law
  Heritage.org: Prohibition on Amendment: Equal Suffrage in the Senate
Re: Article V, phrase 3
Ralph Rossum
Salvatori Professor of Political Philosophy   at   Claremont McKenna College
  Heritage.org: Prohibition on Amendment: Slave Trade
Re: Article V, phrase 2
Matthew Spalding
Vice President, American Studies, Director, B. Kenneth Simon Center for Principles and Politics   at   The Heritage Foundation
  Heritage.org: Prohibition
Re: Amendment XVIII, Section 1
Bradley C. S. Watson
Philip M. McKenna Chair in American and Western Political Thought, Chairperson of the Department of Politics, Co-Executive Director of the Center for Political and Economic Thought   at   Saint Vincent College
  Heritage.org: Property Clause
Re: Article IV, Section 3, clause 3, phrase 1
Thomas Merrill
Charles Evans Hughes Professor of Law   at   Columbia Law School
  Heritage.org: Public Trial
Re: Amendment VI, phrase 2
Richard W. Garnett
Professor of Law, Associate Dean for Faculty Research, Concurrent Professor of Political Science   at   Notre Dame Law School
  Heritage.org: Punishment for Impeachment
Re: Article I, ;Section 3, clause 7
Michael J. Gerhardt
Samuel Ashe Distinguished Professor in Constitutional Law, Director, Center for Law and Government   at   The College of William and Mary, Marshall-Wythe School of Law
  Heritage.org: Punishment of Treason
Re: Article III, Section 3, clause 2
Bradley C. S. Watson
Philip M. McKenna Chair in American and Western Political Thought, Chairperson of the Department of Politics, Co-Executive Director of the Center for Political and Economic Thought   at   Saint Vincent College
Heritage.org: Qualifications and Quorum
Re: Article I, Section 5, clause 1
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
  Heritage.org: Qualifications for Representatives
Re: Article I, Section 2, clause 2
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
Top
Heritage.org: Qualifications for Senators
Re: Article I, Section 3, clause 3
Ronald Pestritto
Associate Professor of Politics, Charles and Lucia Shipley Chair in American Constitution, Department of History and Political Science; Graduate School of Statesmanship   at   Hillsdale College
  Heritage.org: Quartering of Troops
Re: Amendment III
Andrew P. Morriss
D. Paul Jones, Jr. and Charlene Angelich Jones Chairholder of Law   at   University of Alabama School of Law
  Heritage.org: Ratification Clause
Re: Article VII
Charles R. Kesler
Dengler-Dykema Distinguished Professor of Government, Senior Fellow, The Claremont Institute   at   Claremont McKenna College
  Heritage.org: Recess Appointments Clause
Re:  Article II, Section 2, Clause 3,
Michael A. Carrier
Professor of Law   at   Rutgers University School of Law, Camden
  Heritage.org: Recommendations Clause
Re:  Article II, Section 3, Phrase 2
James Pfiffner
Professor of Public Policy   at   George Mason University
  Heritage.org: Reexamination Clause
Re: Amendment VII, phrase 2
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
  Heritage.org: Religious Test
Re: Article VI, clause 3, phrase 2
Gerard Bailey
Professor of Law   at   Notre Dame Law School
  Heritage.org: Repeal of Prohibition
Re: Amendment XXI, Section 1
David Wagner
Professor of Law   at   Regent University School of Law
  Heritage.org: Reserved Powers of the States
Re: Amendment X,
Herman Belz
Professor Emeritus of History   at   University of Maryland
Congress.gov: Right to a Local Jury: Historical Background
Re: Amendment VI, phrase 3
Top
  Heritage.org: Right to Jury in Civil Cases
Re: Amendment VII, phrase 1
Eric Grant
Senior Counsel Certified Specialist in Appellate Law   at   Hicks Thomas LLP
  Heritage.org: Right-to-Counsel Clause
Re: Amendment VI, phrase 6
Donald A. Dripps
Professor of Law   at   University of San Diego School of Law
  Heritage.org: Rights Retained by the People
Re: Amendment IX
Thomas B. McAffee
William S. Boyd Professor of Law   at   University of Nevada, Las Vegas, William S. Boyd School of Law
Heritage.org: Rules and Expulsion Clause
Re: Article I, Section 5, clause 2
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
  Heritage.org: Searches and Seizures
Re: Amendment IV, phrase 1
Gerard V. Bradley
Professor of Law   at   Notre Dame Law School
  Heritage.org: Self-Incrimination
Re: Amendment V, phrase 4
Donald A. Dripps
Professor of Law   at   University of San Diego School of Law
Heritage.org: Senatorial Classes and Vacancies Clause
Re: Article I, Section 3, clause 2
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
  Heritage.org: Sinecure Clause
Re: Article I, Section 6, clause 2, sentence 1, phrase 1
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
  Heritage.org: Slave Trade
Re: Article I, Section 9, clause 1
Matthew Spalding
Vice President, American Studies, Director, B. Kenneth Simon Center for Principles and Politics   at   The Heritage Foundation
  Heritage.org: Speaker of the House
Re: Article I, Section 2, clause 5, phrase 1
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
Top
  Heritage.org: Speech and Debate Clause
Re: Article I, Section 6, clause 1, sentence 2, phrase 2
James L. Buckley
Senior Judge Senior Judge, United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit   at   United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit
  Heritage.org: Speedy Trial Clause
Re: Amendment VI, phrase 1
George Thomas
Board of Governors Professor of Law, Judge Alexander P. Waugh, Sr. Distinguished Scholar   at   Rutgers School of Law, Newark
  Heritage.org: Spending Clause
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 1
John C. Eastman
Henry Salvatori Professor of Law   at   Chapman University School of Law
  Heritage.org: Standards for Impechment
Re:  Article II, Section 4,
Stephen B. Presser
Sullivan   at   Northwestern University School of Law
  Heritage.org: State Action
Re: Amendment XIV, Section 1, sentence 2, phrase 1
Patrick J. Kelley
Southern Illinois University School of Law   at   Professor of Law
  Heritage.org: State Bill of Attainder and State Ex Post Facto
Re: Article I, Section 10, clause 1, phrase 3
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
  Heritage.org: State Coinage
Re: Article I, Section 10, clause 1, phrase 2
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
  Heritage.org: State of the Union
Re:  Article II, Section 3, Phrase 1
Matthew Spalding
Vice President, American Studies, Director, B. Kenneth Simon Center for Principles and Politics   at   The Heritage Foundation
  Heritage.org: State Title of Nobility
Re: Article I, Section 10, clause 1, phrase 5
Robert J. Delahunty
Associate Professor of Law   at   University of St. Thomas School of Law
  Heritage.org: State Treaties
Re: Article I, Section 10, clause 1, phrase 1
Brannon P. Denning
Cumberland School of Law, Samford University   at   Professor of Law
Top
  Heritage.org: Suffrage - Race
Re: Amendment XV, Section 1
Earl Maltz
Distinguished Professor of Law   at   Rutgers University School of Law, Camden
  Heritage.org: Suffrage - Sex
Re: Amendment XIX, clause 1
Tiffany Jones Miller
Associate Professor of Politics   at   University of Dallas
  Heritage.org: Supremacy Clause
Re: Article VI, clause 2
Gary Lawson
Philip S. Beck Professor of Law,   at   Boston University School of Law
  Heritage.org: Supreme Court
Re: Article III, Section 1, sentence 1, phrase 2
Bradley C. S. Watson
Philip M. McKenna Chair in American and Western Political Thought, Chairperson of the Department of Politics, Co-Executive Director of the Center for Political and Economic Thought   at   Saint Vincent College
  Heritage.org: Suspension of Habeas Corpus
Re: Article I, Section 9, clause 2, phrase 1
Jonathan Turley
J.B. and Maurice C. Shapiro Professor of Public Interest Law,Director, Environmental Law Advocacy Center, Executive Director, Project for Older Prisoners   at   The George Washington University Law School
  Heritage.org: Take Care Clause
Re:  Article II, Section 3, Phrase 5
Sai Prakash
David Lurton Massee, Jr., Professor of Law   at   University of Virginia School of Law
  Heritage.org: Takings Clause
Re: Amendment V, phrase 6
Douglas W. Kmiec
Professor of Constitutional Law Caruso Family Chair in Constitutional Law   at   Pepperdine University School of Law
WashingtonPost.com The Electoral College is an Excellent System
George Will
Columnist
DeB-246-Article II, Section 1, The Executive Branch, The President
WSJ.com The Electoral College Is Anything But Outdated
Larry Arnn
President   at   Hillsdale College
DeB-246-Article II, Section 3, The Executive Branch
TheAtlantic.com The Path to Give California 12 Senators, and Vermont Just One
Eric W. Orts
Professor   at   Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania
DeB-246-Article I, Section 3, The Legislative Branch, The Senate
Top
The Scope of the Suspension Clause
Re: 1011091020101
Amy Barrett
Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit
Heritage.org: The Senate
Re: Article I, Section 3, clause 1
Ralph Rossum
Salvatori Professor of Political Philosophy   at   Claremont McKenna College
The Suspension Clause - A View on Congress's Power to Limit the Writ of Habeas Corpus
Re: 1011091020101
Neal K. Katyal
Paul and Patricia Saunders Professor of National Security Law at Georgetown University Law Center   at   Partner at Hogan Lovells
The Suspension Clause
Re: 1011091020101
Amy Coney-Barrett
Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit;
and
Neal K. Katyal     Paul and Patricia Saunders Professor of National Security Law at Georgetown University Law Center
  Heritage.org: Three-fifths Clause
Re: Article I, Section 2, clause 3, sentence 1
David L. Brennan
Case Western Reserve University Law School   at   Professor of Law
  Heritage.org: To Keep and Bear Arms
Re: Amendment II
Nelson Lund
Patrick Henry Professor of Constitutional Law and the Second Amendment   at   George Mason University School of Law
  Heritage.org: Treason
Re: Article III, Section 3, clause 1
Bradley C. S. Watson
Philip M. McKenna Chair in American and Western Political Thought, Chairperson of the Department of Politics, Co-Executive Director of the Center for Political and Economic Thought   at   Saint Vincent College
  Heritage.org: Treaties
Re: Article III, Section 2, clause 1, phrase 2
Dennis W. Arrow
Professor of Law, Associate Director, Native American Legal Resource Center, Associate Director, Center for the Study of State Constitutional Law and Government   at   Oklahoma City University School of Law
  Heritage.org: Treaty Clause
Re:  Article II, Section 2, Clause 2, Phrase 1
Michael D. Ramsey
Professor of Law   at   University of San Diego School of Law
  Heritage.org: Trial of Impeachment
Re: Article I, Section 3, clause 6
Michael J. Gerhardt
Samuel Ashe Distinguished Professor in Constitutional Law, Director, Center for Law and Government   at   The College of William and Mary, Marshall-Wythe School of Law
Top
Heritage.org: Uniformity Clause
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 2
Nelson Lund
Patrick Henry Professor of Constitutional Law and the Second Amendment   at   George Mason University School of Law
  Heritage.org: Vacancies in the Senate
Re: Amendment XVII, clause 2
Todd Zywicki
Foundation Professor of Law   at   George Mason University School of Law
  Heritage.org: Vice President as Presiding Officer
Re:  Article I, Section 3, Clause 4,
Peter W. Schramm
Professor of Political Science, Executive Director, John M. Ashbrook Center for Public Affairs   at   Ashland University
  Heritage.org: Vice President
Re: Article II, Section 1, clause 1, sentence 2, phrase 2
David F. Forte
Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law   at   Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
  Heritage.org: Warrant Clause
Re: Amendment IV, phrase 2
William J Stuntz
Professor of Law   at   Harvard Law School
Heritage.org: Weights and Measures
Re: Article I, Section 8, phrase 10
Gerard Bailey
Professor of Law   at   Notre Dame Law School
WSJ.com Whatever Happened to 'We the People'?
Adam Carrington
Assistant Professor   at   Hillsdale College
DeB-246-Preamble
ThoughtCo.com Why Bush and Lincoln Both Suspended Habeas Corpus
Robert Longley
Freelance writer
Trussel.com Why the Fifth Amendment
Howard Fast
Novelist and television writer
DeB-246-Amendment V, Testifying


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